Abortion Essay

Abortion is a complicated controversial issue that can be viewed from different perspectives, and, therefore, addressed in different ways. It is morally permissible for a woman to choose to abort if she has serious health problems or if the pregnancy is unintended or it is a result of rape or incest.

It would be immoral for a woman to choose to abort if her pregnancy is intended and a woman has no health problems that may damage her well-being or her baby’s health. It would be morally permissible for the law to prevent a woman from choosing to abort or punish her for doing so if she has good health, financial support and her baby has no serious conditions.

In fact, my opposition to abortion is based on the assumption that the fetus is a human being from the moment of conception. It is morally wrong to kill human beings. As the fetus is a human being, it is morally wrong to kill fetuses. If a healthy woman chooses to abort, she makes a decision to kill the fetus. In this case, she can be viewed as a killer. Many writers on ethics believe that “whether or not abortion is morally permissible stands or falls on whether or not a fetus is the sort of being whose life it is seriously wrong to end” (Marquis 183). In other words, a pregnant woman has no right to kill the fetus because she is held responsible for the innocent baby. If the pregnancy is unintended as a result of rape or incest, a woman can choose to abort. Her decision will be morally right because the pregnancy may have potential negative consequences for both the woman and the baby associated with the  transfer of horror to the baby (Warren 3).However, if the pregnancy is intended, her decision to kill the fetus can be viewed as immoral. Besides, the laws are moral if they prevent a woman from choosing to abort if she has good health, sufficient financial support and her baby has no serious health conditions. According to virtue theory, the decision to prevent abortion is right because it generates positive consequences, namely giving birth to a new human being (Hursthouse 225).

However, it is possible to present a strong counterargument to opposition of abortion. It is based on the fact that the fetus is not a human being. In this case, the above mentioned arguments to oppose abortion are immoral. If the fetus is not a human being, it has no the right to life. It depends on the stage of foetal development which can give the right to life. For example, earlier stages of pregnancy do not give the fetus the right to life, while later stages of pregnancy lead to foetal development because life begins at the first sign of the fetus’s brain activity. In this case, the fetus has the right to life. In general, abortion is morally permissible at earlier stage of the pregnancy and under specific  circumstances.

Nevertheless, there is much evidence that the fetus is a human being because it is developed to generate new life. There is a morally justifiable assumption that killing is wrong because “killing brutalizes the one who kills” (Marquis 187). In addition, the mother’s body can be viewed as the house for the baby. According to Thomson, “the mother’s body is only on loan to her, the loan not being one which gives her any prior claim to it” (70). Abortion is morally permissible only under special circumstances like rape, incest, poor health of the pregnant woman, or pregnancy complications.

Works Cited

Hursthouse, Rosalind. “Virtue Theory and Abortion,” Philosophy and Public Affairs, Vol. 20, No. 3 (Summer, 1991), pp. 223-246. https://eclass.uoa.gr/modules/document/file.php/PPP504/Hursthouse%20Rosalind%2C%20Virtue%20theory%20and%20abortion.pdf

Marquis, Don. “Why Abortion Is Immoral,” Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 86 (April, 1989), pp.183-202. http://faculty.polytechnic.org/gfeldmeth/45.marquis.pdf

Thomson, Judith Jarvis.  “A Defense of Abortion,” in Intervention and Reflection: Basic Issues in Medical Ethics, 5th ed., ed. Ronald Munson, Belmont; Wadsworth 1996, pp 69-80.http://spot.colorado.edu/~heathwoo/Phil160,Fall02/thomson.htm

Warren, Mary Anne. “On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion,” in The Problem of Abortion, ed. Joel Feinberg, Belmont: Wadswort, 1984.

The terms offer and acceptance. (2016, May 17). Retrieved from

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"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016.

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[Accessed: October 27, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: October 27, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: October 27, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: October 27, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: October 27, 2021]
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