Children and Poverty Free Essay

The Impact of Poverty on Children

 

Poverty is simply the inability to meet the basic needs of clothing, food, shelter. Developed and developing countries have various definitions of poverty, this is, however, dependent on their poverty line or poverty threshold. A poverty line or threshold is the minimum level of income that is deemed adequate in a particular country. This is significantly higher in developed countries compared to the developing countries.
Children are the most affected when it comes to the income of a family. This is because they are either born into a family of high income or a family with low income. They do not have control of how rich or poor their family is. This creates a problem that can affect the child physically, socially, psychologically, culturally, and spiritually. It is sometimes difficult to categorize poverty as there are people who are working but still fall way below the poverty threshold. Such groups of people are called the working poor. The working poor is people who are working, but their incomes fall below the given poverty line (Crosson-Tower, 2009).
Poverty can have various impacts on the lives of a child or an individual. In children, it can lead to a lot of different health problems. A child born into a poor home is likely to have a low birth weight. This has been associated with having cognitive problems later in life. Other problems associated with low birth weight include diabetes, obesity, and tobacco smoking (Crosson-Tower, 2009). Another biological effect of poverty on an individual is anemia. Anemia is a term used to describe a decrease of red blood cells or the amount of hemoglobin in the blood; it can also be referred to as a reduction in the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood. Hunger and malnutrition are two of the main impacts of poverty. Hunger is the physical desire of food, and malnutrition is a condition that arises from eating food that lacks certain nutrients. This is as a result of being unable to meet basic needs of food.
Another significant biological impact of poverty is lead poisoning; this can arise from drinking water that contains lead, poor children or children born in poor homes tend to roam the streets in search of food and water and are likely to come in contact with lead-containing water. Lead is a poisonous metal that can interfere with the body processes and can cause damage to vital organs of the body like the heart and the brain; it also interferes with the development of the nervous system leading to potential permanent learning and behavior disorder.
Violence, drug use, and social isolation are also significant impacts of poverty on an individual, children of low-income families are likely to engage in violence than children of wealthy families (Crosson-Tower, 2009). Research has also shown that poor children are less likely to graduate high school, less earning potential, and the child’s chance of falling behind in school increases with every year spent in poverty (Crosson-Tower, 2009). Teenage pregnancy is also common among girls of poor families. This can cause a myriad of psychological damage to the individual involved, poverty in itself is psychologically damaging, and the spiritual life of a poor individual cannot get any better. However, in developing countries, many people become spiritual in the hope that it would help alleviate their poverty.
As a social worker, it is essential to assist in every way possible, poor children with health problems can be referred to clinics using programs created to help low-income families, it is the duty of the social worker to make these programs known to these low-income families and how they can benefit from it. In the United States, an example of these programs is Medicaid (Crosson-Tower, 2009). Another way a social worker can help is setting up provisions for these children if the parents are willing and trying to make life better for their children. A social worker can detect neglect on the part of the parents, and if this happens, the social worker must call child protection services and seek adoption of the child or children (Crosson-Tower, 2009). Therapy session can also be set-up for individuals with psychological problems which can help change their mindsets as regards their position at the time.

The terms offer and acceptance. (2016, May 17). Retrieved from

[Accessed: November 26, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016.

[Accessed: November 26, 2021]

freeessays.club (2016) The terms offer and acceptance [Online].
Available at:

[Accessed: November 26, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: November 26, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: November 26, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: November 26, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: November 26, 2021]
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