Children’s Motor Development | Discussion

In the process of their mental and physical development children are to learn to control their body’s movements and this process is called motor development. Infants are able to conduct waving and kicking movements, which are spontaneous and later children are to reach the stage of the adaptive control. “The term motor behavior describes all movements of the body, including movements of the eyes (as in the gaze), and the infant’s developing control of the head. Gross motor actions include the movement of large limbs or the whole body, as in walking. Fine motor behaviors include the use of fingers to grasp and manipulate objects.” (Adolph, 1997, p. 251). The role of play could not be underestimated for the development of gross and fine motor skills by children. They are able to practice their body movements and coordination and learn to control them. The task of child care providers is to organize the play activities for children to gain regular opportunities for moving their bodies.

Earlier historical approaches made the professionals focus more on the relationship between perceptual/motor skills and child’s understanding and manipulation of the objects. However, contemporary specialists underline the importance of observations of this progression. (Wittmer, 2010)

Gross motor include control of the legs, head, arms. Such activities as running, hopping, jumping, throwing and catching, pushing and pulling, etc. could contribute to formation of gross motor skills. These are generalized kinds of activities, which could consist of a great number of options, for example running at different speeds, pedaling riding toys, climbing in different directions and so on.

Fine motor skills could be developed with the help of different kinds of activities. The most widespread are play dough and clay with plastic tools, scissors, beads, macaroni, paints, markers, crayons. Shared reading is one of the often preferred activities for development of fine motor skills.

References:

Adolph, K. E. 1997. “Learning in the Development of Infant Locomotion,” Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, Vol. 62, No. 3

Berk, Laura E. (2012). Child Development. Pearson. 9th edition

Wittmer|S.H. (2010).  Strategies to Support Motor Development and Learning. Bacon Prentice Hall

The terms offer and acceptance. (2016, May 17). Retrieved from

[Accessed: January 20, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016.

[Accessed: January 20, 2022]

freeessays.club (2016) The terms offer and acceptance [Online].
Available at:

[Accessed: January 20, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: January 20, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: January 20, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: January 20, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: January 20, 2022]
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