To What Extent Does Climate Change Impact Tourism Industry and the Global Economy?

Climate change has an enormous impact on various aspects of human life, including tourism industry and the global economy. Tourism industry contributes to the global economy. As a result, any change in tourism industry affects the global economy (Becken & Hay, 2007). Tourism industry in the UK and many other countries of the world is an essential component of growing economic sectors of the global economy (WTO, 2010). Climate change is associated with extreme climate events, such as floods, draught, hurricanes, tornadoes, causing serious damage not only to tourism infrastructure, but also to the economy of the country. As a rule, economic losses are caused by damage to the reputation of a tourism destination (Scott et al., 2012). Climate change has negative direct and indirect impacts on various components of tourism sector, including direct impacts on the climate resources of many tourism destinations, considerable indirect environmental impacts and the highest potential for social change and political destabilization of nations.

First, climate change affects climate resources of destinations. For example, there may be a significant shift in appealing climate conditions of tourism destinations. As a result, there may be a considerable decline in the advantageous position of some well-known resorts, e.g. the Mediterranean resort, the European Alps, the Great Barrier Reef and other destinations (Becken & Hay, 2007).  For example, considerable changes in mean climate conditions may deter tourists. These climate changes include winds, temperature increases or drops, humidity rate, etc. Undoubtedly, these climate changes affect the tourism system to a great extent.

Secondly, climate change has indirect environmental impacts, including the impact on landscape, biodiversity and water resources. For example, the recent flooding in the UK may lead to changes in the environment. Some of the most evident indirect effects include the increased water shortages, the loss of landscapes attractive to tourists, the loss of biodiversity, and even the beach erosion in some popular holiday areas (Scott et al., 2012). According to researchers, many environmental resources are considered to be “critical attractions for tourists” (Scott et al., 2012, p. 189). For example, some environmental conditions may deter tourists: various infectious diseases caused by climate change, the increased wildfires, the increased rate of waterborne pests and insects, etc.

Thirdly, climate change has the potential for serious social change and political destabilization of some nations. Climate change affects many areas of social and economic policy in tourism destinations, including employment demands, transportation, housing, economic sectors (e.g. agriculture) as well as social infrastructure in general. For example, climate change “affects various facets of tourism operations” in destinations, including “insurance, food and water supply, heating and cooling costs” (Scott et al., 2012, p. 190). Besides, climate change may lead to political instability, weakening economy of the country.

Thus, climate change has a considerable impact on tourism industry and the global economy. It is necessary to recognize that tourism industry plays a vital role in addressing climate change and in contributing to sustainable development of our society. As a result, there is a global concern about the quality of tourism services, because considerable operating costs may have certain implications for competitive marketing links between different tourism destinations, as well as reduce profitability of tourism organizations and agencies across the world.

 

References

Becken, S. & Hay, J. E. 2007. Tourism and Climate Change: Risks and Opportunities. Multilingual Matters.

Scott, D., Hall, C. M. & Gössling, S. 2012. Tourism and Climate Change: Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation. Routledge.

WTO. 2010. Climate Change and Tourism: Responding to Global Challenges. UNEP/Earthprint.

The terms offer and acceptance. (2016, May 17). Retrieved from

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"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016.

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freeessays.club (2016) The terms offer and acceptance [Online].
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[Accessed: August 11, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: August 11, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: August 11, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: August 11, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: August 11, 2022]
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