Connection of Human Activities & the Current Changes of Climate

The problems of global warming and climate change belong to the most debatable and discussed ones for relatively long periods of time already. There have been a lot of theories presented, which could be utilized in order to explain the nature of the processes and their causes, which could help to connect human activities and the current changes of climate on the earth along with describing of the potential outcomes of these changes. The article by David Wallace-Wells The Uninhabitable Earth was published in New York Magazine and received an astonishing number of responses, which made it one of the most-read articles in New York magazine’s history. Modern technological advances in the sphere of communication secure almost limitless opportunities for spreading of the information and thus a great number of commentaries to the above mentioned article appeared in Twitter, magazines, blogs and newspapers. Mostly these comments were made by climate scientists and the journalists, who used to work with the topic of climate change. The reason for such reactions was probably the acuteness of the topic and extraordinary presentation of the already known facts. Before making any concrete conclusions about any issue, especially when it is controversial and inadequately researched, it is necessary to consider various sources of information, including articles, papers, books, scientific papers. This was done by the author and in addition he had made an attempt to consider an important ethical aspect, related to climate change. People are used to be scared by the coming chaos and scary possibilities of the climate change, they constantly think about the terrible consequences of their activity on the planet and are afraid for their children and grandchildren. But it is not clear to what extent this way of depressing and terrifying the readers could be justified, whether there should be any limits for using pathos, when presenting and discussing such issues. According to scientific data there exists a concrete threat to each single sphere of human life on the planet and humans have the right to obtain the actual information in time, in other words they should be alarmed.

It seems that people hear about global warming and climate change from all possible sources and everybody is aware of the potential risks and causes of them. Irrespective of the fact that people are informed, it is does not mean that they are alarmed to the needed extent. People seem to perceive all this information through the prism of “lack of reality”, in other words they know a lot about the risks and at the same time they are not ready to relate them to their real lives. They watch apocalyptic movies and are happy that such terrible things happen on the screens only, without being ready to acknowledge that they are taking place in reality. The fact of utilization of the theme in cultural representations, like these movies for example, contributes to displacement of climate anxiety.

In order to be able to look into the future, it is always advisable to consider the past. The Earth has survived five mass extinctions, before the one, which is taking place at the moment. A lot of scientists agree that these examples could be the best analogue for the ecological situation in the future. This is not the first time, when the planet and life on it suffers from the consequences of the climate change, which is the result of greenhouse gas. For example 252 million years ago the planet was warmed by five degrees because of the greenhouse gas. The result of the process was the death of 97 % of all living organisms on the Earth. It is necessary to underline that current emissions of greenhouse gas are much more intense. “This is what Stephen Hawking had in mind when he said, this spring, that the species needs to colonize other planets in the next century to survive, and what drove Elon Musk, last month, to unveil his plans to build a Mars habitat in 40 to 100 years.” (Wallace-Wells 2017).

Humans are called heat engines, thus they need the special temperature for the air to serve their refrigerant. The situation is even more dangerous in the tropics, where the climate’s humidity is a real problem. Humidity in combination with too high temperatures could make individuals die within just several hours.

The opponents of the theory of climate change state that the planet had already warmed and cooled a number of times before. However, it is also important to consider the fact that the actual climate window for humans to survive is much narrower in comparisons to the historically mentioned standards of change. “This century, and especially in the tropics, the pain points will pinch much more quickly even than an increase of seven degrees. The key factor is something called wet-bulb temperature, which is a term of measurement as home-laboratory-kit as it sounds: the heat registered on a thermometer wrapped in a damp sock as it’s swung around in the air (since the moisture evaporates from a sock more quickly in dry air, this single number reflects both heat and humidity)” (Wallace-Wells 2017).

Humans are not able to live not only without water, but also without food. There are various  plants in different climates, but it is widely known that all crops need optimal temperatures for growing and the warming of the overall climate would lead to decrease of the harvested crops. The more territories become too hot for planning crops, the bigger is the problem, as there is no possibility to move croplands to the north constantly, as the territories there are also limited physically. The problem of drought is related to the problem of heat and could cause even more devastating consequences. According to the current scientific predictions by 2080 southern Europe would suffer from permanent extreme drought in case, if there is no evident reduction of emissions. The similar predictions are made about the territories of Syria and Iraq, as well as the rest of the Middle East. Such locations as Africa, Australia, South America would not be the adequate food suppliers any more. Considering the fact that already in the modern world there are around 800 million individuals, who are undernourished, the perspective seems to be not attractive for the whole humanity.

Humans and animals are not able to survive without water, without food and certainly without air. Climate change is associated with rolling death smog, which could lead to suffocating of millions of living organisms on the planet. “Our lungs need oxygen, but that is only a fraction of what we breathe. The fraction of carbon dioxide is growing: It just crossed 400 parts per million, and high-end estimates extrapolating from current trends suggest it will hit 1,000 ppm by 2100.” (Wallace-Wells 2017).

Climate change should not be viewed only in relation to health and natural issues, it is also closely related to social and economic relations. It is evident that as soon as humanity is aware of the fact of the lacking resources and the real dangers of mass destruction, the state of perpetual war would come. There are already data from some researchers, who connect the human violence to the increase of temperatures. Armed conflicts are related to warming and its consequences. Permanent economic collapse is also associated with the term “fossil capitalism”. Currently some historians started to study the history of swift economic growth, which started in the 18th century not in the frames of innovation and technological change along with dynamically developing global capitalism, instead with discovery of fossil fuels. The main argument is considered the fact that before this discovery not a single generation lived much better than their previous generation. “After we’ve burned all the fossil fuels, these scholars suggest, perhaps we will return to a “steady state” global economy. Of course, that onetime injection has a devastating long-term cost: climate change.” (Wallace-Wells 2017).

All these perspectives remain perspectives, but humans simply can not continue ignoring them. Once the moment comes, when they will be forced to acknowledge that they are facing significant climate change and it has a great negative potential. Most probably the process would be relatively gradual, as some generations later people would be used to severe storms and disasters and would call them just weather changes. However, this does not mean that the danger is not that serious and that those scientists, who are now doing their best to attract attention of humanity to the problem of clime change, are just alarmists, aiming at earning their popularity and adding chaos to societies. Some individuals prefer to treat the problem of climate change similar to a moral debt, which should be paid to the nature after the times of the Industrial Revolution. Scientists in their turn offer various theories, one of them states that the natural life span for any civilization might be not more than several thousand years, whereas the life span of an industrial civilization is only several hundred years. This explains the fact why civilizations do not meet in the universe, as they just burn themselves quicker, than they are able to find other civilizations to contact.

Works cited:

Karl, Thomas, R., Trenberth, Kevin, E. Modern Global Climate Change. Science, 2003 Retrieved from http://science.sciencemag.org/content/302/5651/1719.full

Matthews, Susan. Alarmism Is the Argument We Need to Fight Climate Change. Slate, 2017

Retrieved from

http://www.slate.com/news-and-politics/2018/04/london-knife-murders-amercian-conservative-gun-rights-reaction.html

Wallace-Wells, David. The Uninhabitable Earth, Annotated Edition. New York Magazine, 2017Retrieved from http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2017/07/climate-change-earth-too-hot-for-humans-annotated.html

The terms offer and acceptance. (2016, May 17). Retrieved from

[Accessed: September 16, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016.

[Accessed: September 16, 2021]

freeessays.club (2016) The terms offer and acceptance [Online].
Available at:

[Accessed: September 16, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: September 16, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: September 16, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: September 16, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: September 16, 2021]
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