Controversies in the Addiction Field | The Legalization of Marijuana

Today, the legalization of light drugs, more specifically, marijuana is one of the most controversial issues. Opponents of the legalization of marijuana stand on the ground that this decision will lead to the aggravation of the problem of drug addiction, especially among the youth. On the other hand, proponents of the legalization of marijuana insist that marijuana has already become number three recreational drug after alcohol and tobacco, while legalization will help to discourage marijuana production and sales because of the free access to marijuana. However, in such a situation, opposing parties fail to evaluate properly the impact of the legalization of marijuana or light drugs on the drug addiction. In this regard, the legalization of marijuana or light drugs is likely to either increase the number of drug addicts or decrease the risk of drug addiction because of the loss of interests to marijuana or light drugs.

The debate on the legalization of marijuana versus the preservation of the status quo is heating by the appearance of the medical marijuana. To put it more precisely, findings concerning the possible medical use of marijuana became a powerful argument to support those, who insist on the legalization of marijuana. At the same time, the legalization of marijuana in either form, i.e. either as medical marijuana or the total legalization of marijuana, raises the question of the possible effect of the marijuana legalization on the addiction in the US.

Proponents of the marijuana legalization often refer to the case of alcohol and tobacco, which, in their essence, are drugs too but they are in the free access. Nevertheless consumers have not slip to alcoholism at the large scale. Instead, cases of alcoholism are relatively few. At any rate, the legal status of alcohol and tobacco has never led to the epidemics of alcoholism. Instead, cases of alcoholism occurred but not beyond the normal level that means that the legal status of alcohol did not deteriorate the problem of alcoholism, i.e. alcohol addiction. Therefore, proponents of the legalization of marijuana insist that marijuana will not have effect different from the effect of the legalization of alcohol. They insist that the legalization of marijuana will not skyrocket marijuana consumption and drug addiction just as was the case of alcohol consumption and its legal status, which did not cause the rise of alcoholism.

In addition, the current ban of marijuana is often compared to the Prohibition era, when the illegal alcohol trade contributed to the emergence of organized crime and persisting alcohol consumption, regardless of the legal ban of alcohol sales. The Prohibition has triggered the emergence of crime rates and organized crime, which became the major threat not only to the public health but also to the social order. Therefore, restrictive measures in relation to alcohol had worse effects compared to its further legalization. At this point, proponents of marijuana legalization believe that marijuana will have the similar effect, while, at the moment, the rise of the organized crime based on the illegal production and sales of marijuana grows stronger that may be a new threat to national interests and public safety of the US. In such a context, the legalization of marijuana would destroy the organized crime underworld and have no negative effects on the public health.

On the other hand, opponents of the legalization of marijuana insist that the legalization will skyrocket the consumption of marijuana and increase the problem of drug addiction in the US. In this regard, the legalization of marijuana can cause the growth of consumption of marijuana. The consumption of marijuana means the increase of the drug consumption because marijuana is a light drug but drug. The drug addiction keeps progressing, because individuals consume marijuana that develops their addiction on marijuana.

However, at a definite stage of their addiction progression, marijuana addicts shift toward stronger drugs, like cocaine, heroin and others. The shift of addicts to stronger drugs has a more significant, negative impact on drug addicts and aggravates the problem of drug addiction. Unlike marijuana, stronger drugs have a more harmful impact on the health of drug addicts. As a result, strong drugs lead to the development of addiction. Marijuana causes the development of drug addiction raises the problem of the increase of the risk of the steady progress of addiction, which grows faster, because stronger drugs cause drug addiction faster compared to marijuana.

Moreover, drug addiction is not a mere health problem but also a social problem because the drug addiction causes negative changes in the social life of a drug addict. In fact, drug addicts ruin their social relations. For example, they break up relations with their family members, friends and other meaningful people. Instead, they limit their relationships by other drug addicts. More important, they tend to slip toward deviant behavior because drug addiction undermines their financial position that forces them to commit crimes to earn some money for drugs. As a result, the problem of the drug addiction and its negative effects will aggravate.

In such a context, both positions seem to be strong but the position of proponents of the legalization of marijuana is stronger. To put it more precisely, at the moment, when marijuana is legally banned, marijuana is still the third most popular recreational drug in the US after alcohol and tobacco. Therefore, the legal ban of marijuana does not have any considerable impact on the consumption of the drug. In spite of the legal ban of marijuana in the US, the drug consumption keeps progressing and has no effects on the consumption of the drug. In fact, marijuana is still consumed at the high level, regardless of the legal ban of marijuana. As a result, the legalization of marijuana will not deteriorate the situation further and will not trigger the problem of the growing drug addiction. Taking into account the high level of the consumption of marijuana at the moment, the drug addiction will not grow any stronger. In addition, the current availability of marijuana makes no difference whether the drug is legal or not. Instead, the legalization will make marijuana less attractive for consumers, especially among teenagers, who face the higher risk of the development of addiction because of their age specificities, their psychological and physical development.

Therefore, the low effectiveness of the current ban of marijuana now is obvious, while the legalization of marijuana can change the consumption of marijuana and change the consumer behavior. In fact, the legalization of marijuana will put the end to the criminal underworld based on the illegal production and sales of marijuana. In such a way, the legalization of marijuana will contribute to the decriminalization of the US. At the same time, the legalization of marijuana will help to take the marijuana under control. For example, the legalization of marijuana will open the way for the use of medical marijuana. Moreover, sales and consumption of marijuana may be under control of health care professionals, who can provide any essential aid to consumers of marijuana and develop effective strategies to the minimization of the risk of the development of marijuana addiction.

Thus, the legalization of marijuana is an essential step and the debate over the marijuana legalization can help to decrease the risk of addiction and provide the essential medical aid to consumers, who grow dependent on marijuana. In such a way, health care professionals will be able to help consumers to start struggling against marijuana addiction at the early stage of the development of addiction. Therefore, the legalization of marijuana will not do any harm, at the least, while it is likely to have a positive impact on the drug addiction reduction because marijuana legalization will make it less attractive for consumers, especially for teenagers.

 

References:

Controversies in the Addiction Field.

The terms offer and acceptance. (2016, May 17). Retrieved from

[Accessed: November 26, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016.

[Accessed: November 26, 2021]

freeessays.club (2016) The terms offer and acceptance [Online].
Available at:

[Accessed: November 26, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: November 26, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: November 26, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: November 26, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: November 26, 2021]
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