Developing a Democracy: Cuba Free Essay Example

The History of the Emergence of Democracy in Cuba and the Features of the Current Political Regime in This Country

 

As long as Cuba exists, the political situation has been full of historical events, traumatic background, and gruesome “crusades.” The country has continually been under someone’s control and influence: until the end of XVI century – the Native Americans, until 1989 – Spanish conquers, and after the Spanish-American war – the United States of America. The American occupation of the island officially ended on January 1, 1902, when the first elected president of Cuba, Thomas Estrada Palma, stepped in. In 1933, as a result of a military coup, Fulgencio Batista came to power, remaining at the head of the state until 1959, when he was overthrown as a result of the revolution. The government turned out to be the generation of politicians ruled by Fidel Castro, who announced the country’s socialist orientation in 1961 (Collins, 2018). But is a democracy now possible for the Republic of Cuba after Castro’s resignation?
The death of the leader of the Cuban revolution brought to life thousands of speculations and debates about the “finally gone political era” and showed significant polarization in the assessments of Fidel Castro. Some consider the established regime of a “full-fledged dictatorship”; others speak of it as a “dictatorship with a human face.” The current political regime in Cuba can be described as post-totalitarian. The funeral of Castro is the most important symbolic act both for the Cuban elite and for the people – the awareness moment of the inevitability to change anything that can lead a country from a transitional stage to a new state. The problem is that the spectrum of these “new states” of the Cuban regime is very wide: from a more brutal military dictatorship to creeping democratization.
Some experts (2018) believe that democracy in Cuba sounds more possible than China becoming a non-communist state. Since 2010, the Cuban islands have carried out market reforms aimed at stimulating the island’s economy. However, they contradict the country’s main law that has been in effect since 1976. In particular, it states that Cuba should focus on building Marxist-Leninist socialism, and private property and business in the state are prohibited. On the same breath, the economy is vigorously evolving and changing now and the overall political situation is approaching more democratic than socialist status. Since the Castro kin ended their reign, the new president, Miguel Díaz-Canel, rules the country. He even did not take part in the Cuban revolution led by Fidel Castro. Collins (2018) claims that Cuba is having a new constitution in 2019. Some ideological points of the old constitution will be shifted to the new fundamental law of the country: the communist party is proclaimed the main political force, and the central principles of the economy establish centralized planning and state administration. Notwithstanding, Díaz-Canel is attempting to improve economic, political, and cultural statuses by small steps. Rather than this being a loss of democracy, it is the gain to the communities who will have more powers and more autonomy to decide on local matters (Collins, 2018). The new arrangements, laws, and amendments will provide people with broader choices, more economic treasures, and more involved in the politic life of the country. Thus, the question of whether the Republic of Cuba will be eventually a full democracy or not is ambiguous and needs some years to sort it out to the core.

References
Collins, L. (2018). Is Cuba a democracy? Morning Star. Retrieved from https://morningstaronline.co.uk/article/cuba-democracy

The terms offer and acceptance. (2016, May 17). Retrieved from

[Accessed: September 17, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016.

[Accessed: September 17, 2021]

freeessays.club (2016) The terms offer and acceptance [Online].
Available at:

[Accessed: September 17, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: September 17, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: September 17, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: September 17, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: September 17, 2021]
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