Discussion of Fundamentals of Reading

The school’s reading program is effective because it is based on well-developed  instructional practices, unique approaches, comprehensive methods, and relevant curriculum materials, which help to support reading and writing instruction, as well as provide accommodation for the developmental, cultural, and linguistic differences of learners. Adam’s book Beginning to Read: Thinking and Learning about Print allows to see the process of evolution of reading, placing emphasis on teaching the phonics versus teaching-for-meaning method. The author suggests that the phonics should be incorporated into the whole language approach to teaching learners to read because the study of sounds of speech contributes to the development of excellent reading skills. Also, the author highlights the significance of using

an integrated approach because learners will be able to read well if they are read a lot and know the rules of reading to avoid mistakes. The National Reading Panel (2000) report provides assessment of the status of research-based knowledge, considering the various approaches to reading instruction. The issues that should be addressed by teachers include alphabetic, fluency, comprehension, teacher education and reading instruction, and computer technology and reading instruction (The National Reading Panel Report). Specific attention should be paid to the increased phonemic awareness, the study of the phonics, and selection of good literature in reading instruction. It is recommended to integrate various reading approaches to improve the effectiveness of reading instruction for all learners. Adam found that a new approach to learning to read requires independence and self-teaching as a method to improve reading skills, as well as using oral communication to facilitate orthographic associations (Adam 216). Researchers agree with Adam that “phonics is best learned in the context of reading and writing” (Strickland & Cullinan 428). Hence, involvement of young learners in reading literature and poetry allows them to assess the beauty of language and engage them in the writing process.

Works Cited

Adams, Marilyn J. Beginning to Read: Thinking and Learning about Print. MIT Press, 1994.

Strickland, Dorothy & Cullinan, Bernice. “Afterword” in Beginning to Read: Thinking and Learning about Print. MIT Press, 1994.

The National Reading Panel Report. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH Pub. No. 00-4769. April 2000.

The terms offer and acceptance. (2016, May 17). Retrieved from

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"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016.

[Accessed: March 4, 2021]

freeessays.club (2016) The terms offer and acceptance [Online].
Available at:

[Accessed: March 4, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: March 4, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: March 4, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: March 4, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: March 4, 2021]