Introduction to Sociolinguistics Essay

The question about bilingual education and the use of minority language in the classroom becomes the reason of heated debates during the last decades. Despite the results of the researches which show the effectiveness of bilingual education and name different benefits of the use of minority language, there is little progress in this field yet.

Such an approach creates a gap between the skills which students acquire and between language skills they will use in real life. Students who speak on different dialects have to study standard English, despite the use its dialect in their everyday communication.

Ideology plays an important role in the choice of language of education. The language is closely interconnected with certain idea and this idea is often expressed on the state level. People who speak one and the same language are more likely to follow one ideology. That is the reason the choice of standard language often becomes a way to enhance ideology. At this point the use of language dialects and language diversity in the classroom can result in decentralization.  In many cases language questions are closely connected with the questions of politics and state policies. At this point the language becomes the way to express the state policy and establish the power of the majority. From the one hand, this policy is effective for the consolidation of the nation. From the other hand, such an approach does not give enough rights for ethnical minorities.

In general, English is considered a global language and the knowledge of English gives a lot of advantages. English is a worldly recognized language of the world trade and financial system. At the same time, a lot of people who belong to ethnical minorities struggle to save their identities and use language of their minority groups as one of the means to save this identity.

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