Environment Science Discussion : Ecological Footprint; Sustainability

Ch. 1

2. What is an ecological footprint? Explain what is meant by the term overshoot.

            The ecological footprint is the impact of individuals and originations on the environment that leads to irrevocable changes in the environment. Waste, the consumption of natural resources and other human activities contribute to the human footprint that results in the negative impact of humans on environment and environmental changes driven by human activities, such as global warming. Overshoot means the exhaustion of resources available to humans which they are supposed to consume for a definite period. Overshoot means that humans have exceeded the consumption of allocated natural resources for the definite period.

10. Describe in your own words what you think is meant by the term sustainability. Name three ways that students, faculty, or administrators are seeking to make their campuses more sustainable.

            The term sustainability means the reasonable consumption of natural resources to minimize the negative environmental footprint of human activities and preservation of the natural environment in the current condition for generations to follow. Sustainability means that natural resources available at the moment will be preserved without considerable changes for next generations. Students, faculty and administrators may contribute to sustainability of campuses. Students may use electricity and water reasonably and avoid the excessive use of electricity and water that will lead to the reduction of natural resources. The faculty may shift the time of classes to reduce the electricity consumption and use sunlight as much as possible. Administrators may contribute to sustainability by introducing energy-efficient equipment in the campus.

Ch. 2

7. List five ecosystem services provided by functioning ecosystems, and rank them according to your perceived value of each.

            Provisioning services

            Regulating services

            Habitat services

            Supporting services

            Cultural services

2. Consider the ecosystem(s) that surround(s) your campus. How is each affected by human activities?

            Plants comprise the ecosystem present in the campus. This ecosystem is effected by human activities because the construction of roads and buildings in the campus affects plants and involves the reduction of the territory covered by plants. The water supply of plants also changes under the impact of human activities because they include watering and change of the landscape that leads to the change of the water supply of plants in the campus.

Ch. 3

9. Describe how limiting factors affect carrying capacity.

            Limiting factors affect carrying capacity by the reduction of carrying capacity. To put it more precisely, limiting factors create conditions for the limited use of resources available. It is impossible to exceed the use of resources available at the moment and limiting factors prevent the excessive use of resources. As a result, they reduce the carrying capacity and determine the carrying capacity respectively to resources available.

8. Can a species undergo exponential growth forever? Explain your answer.

            The exponential growth cannot last forever and species cannot undergo the exponential growth forever. The exponential growth implies the fast, accelerated growth of species in geometric progression. Such growth occurs due to the availability of resources that species need to grow. The more resources are available the faster is the growth. However, resources essential for the exponential growth of species are not unlimited. On the contrary, they are scarce and the amount of resources available and their availability determines how long the exponential growth of species lasts. When there are plenty of resources needed for species, they undergo the exponential growth. However, as the number of species grows the availability of resources reduces and the exponential growth slows down and ultimately stops since the available resources cannot maintain the growth as resources become scarce for the increased amount of species.

Works Cited:

Withgott, Jay and Matthew Laposata. Essential Environment, 5th Edition. New York: Pearson Publisher, 2014.

The terms offer and acceptance. (2016, May 17). Retrieved from

[Accessed: August 11, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016.

[Accessed: August 11, 2022]

freeessays.club (2016) The terms offer and acceptance [Online].
Available at:

[Accessed: August 11, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: August 11, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: August 11, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: August 11, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: August 11, 2022]
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