Occupational Safety and Health Management Essay

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Company Background
  • Objective
  1. Scope
  2. DTMT Construction Occupational Safety and Health Policy
  3. The major regulations relating to OHS in the workplace
  4. Compliance with OHS regulations
  5. The major guidelines of the DTMT Constriction Occupational Safety and Health Policy
  6. Making sure information is communicated
  7. Occupational Safety and Health Organization
  8. Organizational responsibilities
  9. Contractor management
  10. Worker participation
  11. Training and competency
  • Planning and Implementation
  1. Planning for hazard identification, risk assessment and risk control
  2. Assessing training needs
  3. Making sure information is communicated
  4. Establishing incident/accident and hazard reporting systems
  5. Documenting the system and changes
  6. Setting up procedures for continued assessment and control of hazards
  7. Management of change
  • Evaluation and audit
  1. Inspections
  2. Monitoring
  3. Incident reporting, investigations and audits
  4. Management review
  5. Action for improvement
  6. Conclusion

 

  1. Introduction

Occupational safety and health management system (OSHMS) is comprised of a set of interrelated elements that help to establish effective occupational safety and health policy and set the appropriate objectives in order to use the established methods to achieve these objectives (Savic, 2001). It is very important to introduce OSHMS at the organizational level in order to reduce hazards and improve productivity. Today the significance of OSHMS is recognized by the Australian government, employers and workers. OSHMS guidelines contribute to the effective protection of workers from any hazards in the workplace and to the considerable elimination of various types of work-related injuries, diseases, incidents causing injuries and deaths (Systems in focus: Guidance on occupational safety and health management systems, 2011). The national strategy taken for developing OSHMS in Australia involves application of the approach within the National OHS Improvement Framework and Joint Accreditation System of Australia and New Zealand (certification system). The established standards and guidelines involve AS/NZ 4801 & AS/NZ 4804 and other standards (Savic, 2001).

The major purpose of occupational safety and health is to effectively manage various types of occupational risks. Any company should be interested in developing an OSHMS as a reliable preventive tool to develop and implement safety and health measures in the workplace. Thus, it should consist of four steps aimed at continual improvement: PLAN, DO, CHECK, ACT. The major purpose of this cycle is to establish a comprehensive mechanism that will allow developing joint actions of managers and workers in the successful implementation of safety and health measures within a company. In addition, an OSHMS approach allows the company assessing and improving performance in the implementation of preventive and control safety and health measures. In general, an OSHMS helps to effectively manage hazards specific to a construction industry, and it is possible to adapt its application to a range of situations in construction industry.

  1. Company Background

DTMT Construction is a successful Australian construction company that offers an extensive and fully integrated range of services in the field of construction (DTMT, Official Website, 2013). The company is located in South Australia. The company gives employees the capability to participate in various projects, and provides them with the appropriate equipment. Actually, the company DTMT Construction has over 30 years of experience in the Australian construction industry and civil works industry. The results of its work prove the fact that the company has achieved success and earned good reputation of a civil construction industry leader in the local market.

DTMT involves a variety of hazards to the safety and health of the employees. Large building projects developed by the Company are inherently dangerous, “with fatal falls being a major hazard” (Petrovic-Lazarevic et. al., 2007, p. 17). One of the key hazards that have negative effect on employees’ health is the production of noise that is generated by constructing mechanisms in the workplace, such as cranes, mixing machines, vibratory screens, crushers and other types of construction machinery (Durham, 2002). Some other potential hazards for workers in DTMT Construction include “falls from heights, trench collapse, scaffold collapse, electric shock and arc flash/arc blast, failure to use proper personal protective equipment; and repetitive motion injuries” (DTMT, Official Website, 2013).

Thus, workers employed at DTMT Construction are at high risk of being injured in the workplace; therefore it is very important for them to effectively manage the safety and health issues in order to eliminate or minimize the risks they are exposed to in the process of work. Moreover, the company must abide to the safety and health requirements imposed by Occupational Health, Safety and Welfare Act and Regulations. The company’s health and safety policy helps to maintain higher productivity rate and to decrease losses. The company’s capabilities include “earthworks, civil works/concrete, concrete pumping, carnage, scaffolding, formwork design and falsework and other types of building and construction work (DTMT, Official Website, 2013).

  • Objective

The aim of the OSHMS specially developed for DTMT Construction company is to provide a framework or a comprehensive structure for the further development, implementation and reviewing of the appropriate processes necessary to manage safety and health in the workplace.

The Australian/ New Zealand Standard AS/NZS 4804:2001 defines OHSMS as “part of the overall management system which includes organizational structure, planning activities, responsibilities, practices, procedures, processes and resources for developing, implementing, achieving, reviewing and maintaining the OHS policy, and so managing the OHS risks associated with the business of the organization” (Standards Australia and Standards New Zealand, Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems, 2001, p. 4). In construction industry, as well as in other high-hazard industries the best method to manage all possible risks is through an OHSMS that provides an effective mechanism for identifying hazards and the risks in the workplace and manage these risks (Durham, 2002).

The major benefits of implementing an OSHMS in DTMT Construction Company include:

  • The assistance to meet the moral and legal responsibilities of employers;
  • Prevention of occupational injuries and work-related diseases;
  • Reduction of the loss of working days due to the possible injuries and accidents;
  • Reducing the incidence level and the employees’ compensation claims;
  • Minimization of the possible work stoppages due to providing effective safety disputes;
  • Improvement of working methods and techniques and worker morale that may lead to the improved productivity;
  • Creating a framework for meeting the established legislative responsibilities (Durham, 2002).
  1. Scope

The scope of the OSHMS includes the employees at all levels of organization. The major goals of top management in relation to the OSHMS:

  • To promote industrial accident prevention efforts undertaken by employers
  • To provide educational sessions, training, technical service and assistance
  • To collect and disseminate OSH information and documents
  • To conduct the appropriate research and surveys

The major goals of employees in relation to the OSHMS requirements:

  • To participate in educational and training sessions, and use technical service and assistance
  • To use the proper information aimed at reduction of incidents in the workplace and promoting safety and health
  • To take into account the long-term trends of accident occurrence in the workplace and the change of social situation, and make efforts to narrow down the emphasized countermeasures.

This OSHMS provides comprehensive advice on the application of Occupational Safety and Health laws and regulations adopted in Australia (Petrovic-Lazarevic, 2007).

  1. DTMT Constriction Occupational Safety and Health Polic

 

  1. The major regulations relating to OHS in the workplace

DTMT Construction should comply with the OHS legislation that can be found in Australian Occupational Health and Safety Law. According to Duncan Fletcher and Marissa Dreher (2007), “the hierarchy for compliance with OHS obligations in Australia can be linked to a pyramid,” that comprises: the principle OHS Act, regulations, approved codes of practice, OHS standards and industry codes, workplace systems and procedures” (p. 19). Some other legislation that relate to the OHS laws involves Building Works Contractors Act of 1995, Dangerous Substances Act of 1979, Local Government Act of 1934, Explosives Act of 1936, Electricity Act of 1996 and Occupational Health, Safety and Welfare Regulations of 1995 (Fletcher & Dreher, 2007, p. 26).

  1. Compliance with OHS regulations

OHS regulations must be complied by the Company. The failure to comply with the required OHS regulations can be viewed as a breach of the Australian Occupational Health and Safety Law (Durham, 2002), However, the DTMT Construction employees at all organizational levels should be “aware that their compliance with regulations does not exempt them from the requirement to comply with the other duties that may be placed on them by an OHS Act” (Fletcher & Dreher, 2007, p. 31).

  1. The major guidelines of the DTMT Constriction Occupational Safety and Health Policy

The DTMT Construction Company’s OSHMS clearly defines its purpose and intention. The safety and health policy will allow the management board to determine success/or failure by means of the proper measuring tools of the variance between the expected and the actual in the working environment. Everyone in the company should be aware of management board’s commitment to the efforts to establish full cooperation.

Thus, a written safety and health policy statement can be viewed as a mandatory tool in the efforts to establish and implement an effective OSHMS in the company. In fact, a safety and health policy statement must become the basis for the creation of the effective OSHMS. For this reason, a safety and health policy statement must include not only the major safety and health policy objectives, but also the methods, techniques and arrangements to successfully achieve these objectives (Systems in focus: Guidance on occupational safety and health management systems, 2011)

DTMT Constriction Occupational Safety and Health Policy

  1. DTMT Constriction Company guarantees the employees’ safety and health at all organizational levels, making contribution to the company’s success in the industry. The company’s objective of equal standing refers to the quality of services and commercial success.
  2. Executive and management boards, the Group Works Council and all employee representative bodies should pursue the established occupational safety and health protection goals jointly.
  3. Occupational safety and health maintained by the company strengthens the employees’ performance capabilities and their motivation to perform their duties in a proper way.
  4. DTMT Constriction Company’s occupational safety and health protection is an integral part of all activities conducted by the company. OHS protection is included in the planning phase of the company, with the proper technical, economic and social considerations. The company complies with all relevant laws, ordinances and rules that are associated with operational regulations adopted in construction industry.
  5. In today’s competitive environment, the highest priority of the company is OHS protection, prevention of injuries and accidents in the workplace, and the taking of forward measures to maintain the safety and health of employees. The company is focused on the continuous improvement in OHS protection practices.
  6. DTMT Constriction managers can be viewed as the role models, who perform their duties responsibly and properly. Occupational safety and health is the major task of the company’s management board.
  7. Successful occupational safety and health protection practices provided by are dependent on the DTMT Constriction managers at all organizational levels are focused on the involvement and cooperation of all employees.
  8. The DTMT Construction employees are obliged to cooperate responsibly in order to achieve the established occupational safety and health protection goals.
  9. The same safety and health standards as for the DTMT employees must be applied to the employees of outside construction companies. This fact should be taken into account in selecting and working with outside construction companies, and other organizations that contribute to the development and successful functioning of DTMT Construction Company.
  10. Non-compliance with the established basic occupational safety laws and regulations may lead to the negative consequences for both managers and employees at all organizational levels, as well as for outside companies.

 

DTMT Construction

October , 2013

South Australia

 

Original copy signed by

 

____________________ (Executive Board)

____________________ (Management Board)

_____________________ (Group Works Council)

 

  1. Occupational Safety and Health Organization

Occupational Safety and Health Organization is of great importance for the company’s implementation of the safety and health policy statement. The appropriate organization of safety and health will guarantee the effectiveness of the company’s OSHMS. In order to facilitate and coordinate the implementation of the OSHMS, it is necessary to determine organizational responsibilities. DTMT management board, including managers from different divisions, are accountable for communicating the importance of safety and health issues to all employees, contractors, suppliers, clients and visitors.

  1. Organizational responsibilities

Company Safety Officer

A Company Safety Officer is a person who plays a significant role in the establishment of the OSHMS. He/she should be appointed by the Chief Executive Officer and should be a member of management board. His/her duty is to report directly to the Chief Executive Officer.

             Divisional Safety Officer

A Divisional Safety Officer is a person responsible for comprehensive safety and health training of employees working in a particular division.  He/she should be appointed by the Company Safety Officer. The Divisional Safety Officers should be appointed in all high risk testing divisions of the company. The appointed personnel should hold a senior position in the particular division of the company, namely a supervisor, or a section manager.

Company Safety Committee

A Company Safety Committee plays a significant in the processes provided by the OSHMS. A Company Safety Committee performs the following functions;

  • A Company Safety Committee ensures that the safety and health policy is understood at all organizational levels;
  • A Company Safety Committee controls the implementation of the company’s safety and health policy;
  • A Company Safety Committee uses various methods to promote safe practices and employee awareness of health issues within the company;
  • A Company Safety Committee ensures that employee safety training is carried out on a continuing basis for all divisions and all organizational levels of the staff, especially those newly employed or transferred;
  • A Company Safety Committee keeps the safety and health policy under systematic review.

The representatives of the Company Safety Committee should be the members of the management board. The Company Safety Committee should organize and hold monthly meetings to discuss safety and health related issues. Thus, the organizational structure of the Company Safety Committee should include several elements:

Chief Executive Officer

Company Safety Officer

General Manager (Division 1)    General Manager (Division 2) General Manager (Division 3)

Division Safety Officer 1      Division safety Officer 2        Division Safety Officer 3

             Divisional Safety Committee

DTMT Construction Company should have a Divisional Safety Committee that major duty of which is to supervise the implementation of the OSHMS in each division. A Divisional Safety Committee should be formed in the three testing divisions. The chair-person of each Division Safety Committee should be responsible for employees’ safety and health in each division. Divisional Safety Officer should act as a safety adviser. The committee should organize and hold regular meetings (once a month).

  1. Contractor management

A contractor is an organization that provides services to an employer in accordance with the agreed specifications, terms and conditions. The Company should establish and maintain the proper arrangements for ensuring that the established workplace’s safety and health requirements are applied to contractors and their workers.

  1. Worker participation

DTMT Construction Company is focused on worker participation in the OSHMS initiatives. The OSH staff members pay due attention to each employee. There are many situations where DTMT workers are involved in decision-making process concerning safety and health issues in the company. Worker participation is strongly encouraged by management board because it helps to establish ownership of safe behavior at work, where it is most appropriate. Worker participation takes the form of regular meetings to discuss safety and health related issues in small groups and improve safety environment.  In addition, worker participation involves the following activities:

  • the activities aimed at sharing of the appropriate information about OSH and welfare with DTMT Construction employees;
  • the activities that give employees the opportunity to express their views on safety and health problems that face in the workplace and to contribute to the resolution of OSH policy;
  • the activities aimed at evaluation of the employees’ views in order to take them into account.

Worker participation contributes to the important decisions that may affect workers’ safety, health and welfare. Moreover, worker participation helps to seek solutions leading to safer and healthier workplaces by means of joint actions.

  1. Training and competency

Special attention should be paid to training and consultation of employees at all organizational levels. According to Barry Sheriff and Geraldine Dann, “workplace consultation in OHS has become a fairly prominent issue in recent years”(p. 86). The regulations of the OHS Act provide penalties for violation of the established standards, therefore employee training and workplace consultation can be viewed as an important tool for maintaining and improving OHS performance within the company (See Table 6).

Consultation may be formal and informal. Formal consultation follows the established organizational policies and specific requirements of legislation. Informal consultation is of great importance for effective OHS management practices.

  • Planning and Implementation

The major purpose of planning and implementation section is to create an effective OSHMS that will comply with national laws and regulations on OSH. The proper arrangements should be made to achieve adequate OSH planning process, based on the results of the data from the initial review, subsequent reviews or other necessary activities. The Company should be focused on the adequate planning arrangements that will contribute to the protection of workers’ safety and cover the development and implementation of the OSHMS.

  1. Planning for hazard identification, risk assessment and risk control

Risk assessment helps to measure the potential to injury, loss of life and property damage resulting from a variety of factors, including natural hazards and manmade hazards. DTMT Construction Company pays due attention to the planning for hazard identification, risk assessment and risk control tools. Types of hazards that can be found in DTMT Construction Company’s working environment include:

  • physical hazards (lighting, noise and temperature (heat and cold), heavy physical work, moving and lifting equipment, falls, vibration, radiation, etc.). For example, vibration in construction industry includes hand-arm vibration and whole body vibration produced by machines and processes used in construction industry: grinding operations, sanding and polishing wood and stone; cutting stone, metal and wood; riveting, caulking and hammering operation in construction; compacting sand, concrete and aggregate, drilling and breaking rock, concrete and road surfaces, surface preparation, including de-scaling and paint removal” (Hughes & Ferrett, 2009, p. 330).
  • chemical hazards (airborne contaminants: lead and vinyl chloride, etc.);
  • biological hazards (infections that pass to workers through contact with others, biological hazardous materials, the presence of bacteria in water systems and air conditioning units, poor hygiene in the use and handling of food in the working environment, etc.);
  • ergonomic hazards;
  • any other potential source that could cause damage to the health and safety of workers in construction industry (psychological hazards: stressful situations, violence in the workplace, fire hazards, electrocution).

DTMT Construction Company has developed a plan for hazard identification, risk assessment and risk control, emergency preparedness and response operations, with comprehensive identification of the proper legal and other standards which should be applied. The company is focused on setting long-term OSH objectives and on effective planning of the management targets and actions associated with OSH (see Table 1). Due to the assistance of a Consultant from a Safety and Health Consultant Company, it is possible to conduct a comprehensive risk assessment on the workplace. Moreover, the assessment will be held with compliance of the current applicable statutory requirements and the established Code of Practice. Besides, risk assessment will help to determine whether the OSH controls are adequate. The major goal is to conduct risk assessment and risk control before harm or violation of the established standards could occur.

  1. Assessing training needs

The company should pay due attention to employee training process, to assess its training needs. DTMT Construction Company has developed effective assessment procedure of training needs. The OSH representatives should identify why needs assessment is important and develop different types of needs analysis. They should collect about the company’s need that should be met by conducting training process (see Table 2). The training needs assessment provided by the DTMT Construction Company “protects the asserts of the company and assures that resources set aside to address training issues are conserved and used only for that purpose” (Barbazette, 2006, p. 6).

The company is under obligation to provide OSH training to the employees at all organizational levels. The general obligation to the company’s managers and employees “to actively and intelligently manages risks is complemented by legislation on specific areas of safety risk, including fire safety and emergency procedures, handling hazardous materials and substances using plant and equipment” (Martin, 2007, p. 241).

DTMT Construction Company OSH training Policy

DTMT Construction Company has a commitment to provide a safety and health workplace where safe systems of work are achieved through the comprehensive implementation of best practice and where these practices are regularly checked and monitored.

DTMT Construction Company undertakes to:

  • provide the opportunity to all employees to have access to training practices that is relevant to their general commitment, encouraging them to actively participate in the training process;
  • encourage the employees at all organizational levels to apply their training to the workplaces, taking into consideration the established OSH standards and consider safety and health of other people in the company, and seeking new methods to improve safety in the workplace environment;
  • consider comprehensive self-initiated training requests.

Policy statement 

The training process of all employees and managers must be based on needs analysis. Needs analysis includes an assessment of the established legislation requirements, standard national policies and specific requirements of the company. Statistics related to incidence rate must be included in the needs analysis. Individual needs must be identified through annual performance appraisals of the employees at all organizational levels.

Induction programs must be offered to new staff members. Training process must be centralized to guarantee consistency and universal coverage within the company and must be responsibility of OSH representative, HR Department.

  1. Making sure information is communicated

The company should use the proper strategies to make sure that the information on OSH issues is communicated properly. In order to control the spread of information, the OSH representatives should develop a plan of actions for internal communication. Internal communication mechanism ensures that “there is a regular and frequent dialogue between employees” (Cartwright & Cooper, 2009, p. 485). This fact means that all employees should have access to the action plan. In this case, monitoring and feedback systems provide comprehensive information about the tasks and requirements of employees in relation to OSH. In order to promote the safety and health of the working environment in the construction company, the OSH staff should effectively distribute information in the workplace:

  • Posting of comprehensive safety and health related posters and leaflets;
  • Posting safety and health related news in the notice board obtained from the OSH organizations and Government Authority;
  • Circulation of safety and health related journal, bulletins and articles to the heads at all organizational levels;
  • Publication of the company’s  newsletter with central topic on occupational safety and health;
  • Safety quiz with employees to review the implementation status of the established OSHMS;
  • Safety suggestion boxes in the workplace to create safer working environment.
  1. Establishing incident/accident and hazard reporting systems

The company should establish incident/accident and hazard reporting systems that will allow monitoring employees’ safety in the workplace.

  1. Documenting the system and changes

The OSHMS must be documented in a proper way (See Table 4, 5). The proper documentation and records must be reviewed during the process of planning and implementation in general and during the initial review in particular, including

  • specific audit reports and findings;
  • specific exposure, hazard, and risk assessments;
  • the appropriate local and national OSH laws, rules and regulations;
  • the company’s OSH policy;
  • a list of regulators’ citations and fines;
  • specific audit findings and recommendations;
  • recent OSH training procedures and the company’s records on OSH
  1. Setting up procedures for continued assessment and control of hazards

DTMT Construction Company is obliged to set the appropriate procedures for continued assessment and control of hazards. The standard form for the identification and implementation of the procedures for continued assessment and control of hazards is required (See Table 5).

  1. Management of change

The management of change should address both internal and external changes, including the key OSH concerns within the workplace environment, the issues associated with the implementation of new technologies, processes and modification of old equipment, processes or operations, changes in legislations, changes in code of construction practice. New work processes and activities must be introduced by the company’s merger. The management of change process must be focused on the issues related to the changes in hazards, risks and controls.

New safety and health procedures and processes must be implemented in all divisions. OSH managers are responsible for ensuring that all affected employees are informed of these changes before the implementation of these changes in practice. Moreover, managers are responsible for the consultation with employees to establish standard operating procedures in implementing management of change within the company. Special documentation is required (See Table 4).

  • Evaluation, monitoring and audit

The company should pay due attention to evaluation, monitoring and audit, developing the procedures to monitor, measure and record OSH performance on a regular basis. Responsibility, accountability and authority for monitoring at all organizational levels should be allocated in the management structure.

  1. Inspections

The Company’s Safety Committee should conduct a complete inspection to identify hazardous conditions in the workplace environment every three months. Due to periodical inspections, workers will be able “to control and prevent the possible occurrences of accidents, injuries and health-related problems” (Dikshith, 2013, p. 463). Workplace inspection helps to comply with the established rules and regulations and to prepare a comprehensive checklist of the workplace. The scope of inspections includes the following areas:

  • Electrical;
  • Lighting;
  • Heating and Ventilation systems;
  • Machinery and equipment;
  • Processing, Receiving, Shipping and Storage operations;
  • Employee training, qualification and experience;
  • Hand and Power Tools;
  • Chemicals;
  • Fire Prevention;
  • Personal Protective Equipment (Lingard &Yesilyurt, 2003).
  1. Monitoring

Monitoring should be conducted by the Company’s Safety and Health Committee, and should include various sections of the company. Ongoing monitoring is an important component of the company’s OSHMS. Monitoring mechanisms provide effective management analysis of safety and health related information and a give a response to any warning signs found in the workplace environment, including feedback to the workforce.

  1. Incident reporting, investigations and audits

DTMT Construction Company should establish, implement and maintain the appropriate procedures that will help to identify, investigate and record all OSH related incidents that occur in the workplace. All work-related fatalities, injuries, disabilities, employees’ ill health and diseases shall be reported to the employer and managers in accordance to the established laws and regulations to be investigated by the company (see Table 3) (Lingard &Yesilyurt, 2003).

The Company should establish the appropriate arrangements to conduct periodic audits of each of the elements of the OSHMS. The major goal of audits is to determine the overall performance of the OSHMS at all organizational levels and evaluate the effectiveness of the OSHMS in protecting the safety and health of workers and preventing incidents in the workplace. The Company should develop an audit policy and program, and include the following information: “designation of auditor competency, the audit scope, the frequency of audits, audit methodology and reporting” (OSH Management System: a Tool for Continual Improvement, 2011, p. 24).

  1. Management Review

The major goal of management review is to involve top management, OSHMS leaders and process owners, to perform a strategic and critical evaluation of the OSHMS performance in the company and make certain recommendations for improvements. The review process should be held annually (December 10- December 20). The following factors should be taken into consideration by the top management of DTMT Construction:

  • Progress made by employees and managers in the reduction of risks in the workplace;
  • Identification of the effectiveness of processes to prioritize risk deficiencies;
  • Addressing the major causes of risks in the workplace;
  • Assessing the input made by employees;
  • Reviewing the status of the appropriate corrective and preventive measures in the context of changing situations;
  • Reviewing the extent to which the established OSHMS goals have been met;
  • Reviewing the performance of DTMT Construction OSHMS relative to the expectations, taking into consideration the following factors: changing workplace environment, resource needs, alignment of the company’s business plan and its consistency with the established principles of the OSH policy (Khalil, 2007, p. 435).

The company should comply all relevant safety and health legislation, achieve financial benefits through fine reduction and health and safety promotion, promote and demonstrate healthy environmental performance (ISO 14001), guarantee a safe working environment (AS/NZS 4801), ensure providing high quality services (ISO 9001), responding to changing situations, improving the employees’ performance and complying with the established goals (Khalil, 2007, p. 431).

  1. Action for improvement
  2. Preventive and corrective action:

DTMT Construction Company should establish and maintain the arrangements for preventive and corrective action resulting from the OSHMS performance, monitoring and measurement, audits and management review. DTMT Construction Company should be aimed at the comprehensive evaluation of the OSHMS. Preventive and protective measures for hazards and risks applied by the Company should be inadequate, while the corrective measures should be properly addressed.

  1. Continual improvement:

DTMT Construction Company should establish and maintain the arrangements for the continual improvement of the relevant elements of the OSHMS. Special attention should be paid to the objectives of the OSHMS and the adequate information acquired under each element of the OSHMS, including “the results of assessments, performance measurements, investigations, recommendations of audits, outcomes of management reviews, recommendations for improvement, changes in national laws, regulations and collective agreements, new relevant information, any significant technical or administrative modifications in the activities of the workplace, and the results of health protection and promotion programs” (OSH Management System: a Tool for Continual Improvement, 2011, p. 24). In general, the established safety and health processes and workers’ performance could be not only assessed, but also compared with others in order to improve health and safety performance and solve health and safety related issues.

  1. Conclusion

With the reference to the standard Australian OSHMS the DTMT Construction Company have developed an effective OSHMS which includes planning, developing, organizing, implementing, measuring and auditing practices. Under this model, there are several important elements that affect OSH in the company, including safety and health policy, safety organization structure, safety training practices, the established safety rules and regulations, tools for identifying hazards in the workplace, and other important activities specially developed to ensure safety and health in the construction company. The important role of OHS representatives and committee members is emphasized. Employees are responsible for taking reasonable care to prevent injuries in the workplace.

 

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Durham, B., (2002), Workplace Health and Safety in the Building and Construction Industry: Discussion Paper 6, Royal Commission into the Building and Construction Industry.

DTMT. Official Website. (2013). Our Services. Retrieved from:<http://www.dtmt.com.au/Our-Services.aspx>

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             Hughes, P. & Ferrett, E. (2009).Introduction to Health and Safety at Work. Elsevier.

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Lingard, H., Yesilyurt, Z. (2003). “The effect of attitudes on the occupational Safety actions of Australian construction workers: The results of a field study,” Journal of Construction Research, 4(1): 59-69.

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OSH Management System: a Tool for Continual Improvement. (2011). International Labour Organization. Retrieved from:www.ilo.org/safework/events/safeday

Petrovic-Lazarevic, S., Perry, M. & Ranjan, R. (2007). “Improving the Occupational Health and Safety Measures in the Australian Construction Industry,” Zagreb International Review of Economics & Business, 10 (2):17-34.

Savic, S. (2001). “Integration of management systems in terms of optimization of workplace human performance.” Working and Living Environmental Protection, 2 (1): 27 – 38. Retrieved from:http://facta.junis.ni.ac.rs/walep/walep2001/walep2001-04.pdf

Standards Australia and Standards New Zealand, Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems – General Guidelines on Principles, Systems and Supporting Techniques, (AS/NZS 4804:2001), 15 November 2001.

Sheriff, B. & Dann, G. (2007). “Workplace OHS Consultation: legal and practical issues” in Australian Master OHS and Environment Guide. CCH Australia Limited.

Systems in focus: Guidance on occupational safety and health management systems. (2011). IOSH. Retrieved from:< www.iosh.co.uk>

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