Instructional Guide: Writing an Essay

The first step to writing an essay is the selection of the topic of the essay to right about. At this stage, the author should determine the topic and, if possible, select the title for the essay. The title should contain a hook to catch the audience’s attention and evoke the interest of the audience to the essay. The title should not be too wordy but it should not be too short either.

The second step is brainstorming. At this stage, the writer should generate as much ideas as possible about writing on the topic as possible. These ideas may consist of just one word or simple phrase, which the writer should put down for the further consideration.

The third step is the analysis of all the ideas generated at the brainstorming stage. During this stage, the writer should consider which ideas are relevant and which are not and may be excluded from the essay.

The next step is the elaboration of a plan or outline. The plan or outline will comprise the core of the essay. To complete the plan/outline, the writer should use ideas generated at the second stage but it is important to define them clearly and identify subtopics or the key ideas that may be used in the essay. Hence, the first step of the plan elaboration is the identification of the key ideas and wording them in to crate plausible phrases to make up the key points of the plan. The next step of the plan creation involves the arrangement of all of the key points of the plan in the logical order to structure the essay logically and comprehensibly. Then, the writer should revise the plan and introduce the last changes into the plan.

When the plan is complete, the writer may start working on the content of the essay. First, the writer should elaborate the thesis statement that will comprise the core idea of the entire essay. A good thesis statement should be arguable to draw the attention of the audience to the essay. Hence, the writer should not just merely state an idea but also suggest something new, for example, the writer’s personal vision of the issue, and provide some brief explanation why such vision is relevant or true. Then the writer should transit to the introduction, which is an essential and the first part of the essay. The introduction of the part should provide the general information on the topic discussed in the essay and have some hook that will increase the interest of the audience to the essay.

After that the writer should work on each point of the plan. Depending on the size of the essay, each point of the plan should consist of several paragraphs. Each paragraph should have a topic sentence that backs up the topic of the point or uncovers the topic. Then the writer should consider supportive information to each topic sentence, including some facts or examples, which may be introduced in the paragraph to support the topic sentence. The next step is the elaboration of transitions to make paragraphs run smoothly. Transitions are essential to make the essay look holistically and stylistically plausible. As the writer completes all the paragraphs and all the points, he/she moves to the conclusion, where the writer sums up the key points and restates the thesis statement using different words.

Finally, when the essay is written, the writer should revise and edit the essay. As a rule, revising/editing is needed to correct technical or any other mistakes and introduce the last changes to make the essay really good.


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