How To Make The Process Of Learning Foreign Languages Productive ?

The knowledge of foreign languages is extremely important nowadays and there are numerous researches, which investigate how to make the process of learning as productive as possible. Merrill Swain developed the “Output hypothesis”. The core of the theory is in the interconnection of the act of producing language, which included oral or written speech, with the process of second language learning. On the whole, the output hypothesis concentrates on the second language learning. Swain constituted 3 functions of the output. First the noticing or triggering function. Its core is in the learner’s understanding of some linguistic problems while trying to practice second language. The second function of output is the hypothesis testing function and the third is metalinguistic function. Another researcher Evangeline Marlos Varonis concentrated on the one hand on the interactions of native speakers and non-native speakers and on the other hand non-native speakers and non-native speakers.
Both approaches of Swain and Varonis revolve around peculiarities of second languages learning. Furthermore both theoretical researches underpinned with practical applying theoretical knowledge. However there are significant differences. First of all Swain’s research concentrate more on the interaction of non-native speakers. As the core of research Swain used interaction of teacher and pupils on students. In the research of Varonis took part in the equal degree both native speakers and non-native speakers. For Swain it was important to define what has the strongest influence on the second language mastering. The aim of the research of Varonis was to define what is the difference in the conversations between non-native speakers on the one hand, and native speakers with native speakers on the other hand. Swain wanted to find interconnection in language skills of native and foreign language for easing the learning of new language. Varonis considered native language as means of finding social and cultural differences.

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[Accessed: April 1, 2020]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: April 1, 2020]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: April 1, 2020]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: April 1, 2020]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: April 1, 2020]