Moral Philosophies and Cognitive Moral Development Free Essay

The Influence of Kohlberg on Psychology and the Study of Personality

 

Kohlberg made a considerable impact on the study of personality and the science of psychology at large with his research of human moral development stages, broadening the ideas of the Piaget’s theory of moral development. The author divides the stages into three levels of human morality development, every one of which has two sub-stages — pre-conventional, conventional and post-conventional morality with more detailed sub-stages as obedience and punishment orientation, individualism and exchange, good interpersonal relationships, maintaining the social order, social contract and individual rights, and universal principles (Kohlberg, 1981).

Since the process of work as a specialist of some kind requires vast amounts of social interaction and often even the skill of conflict solving, it is obvious that the mentioned earlier stages of moral development influence workers’ social welfare and success in present career. As a former worker of a navy organization, I both faced and simply contemplated some complicated ethical situations. One day I witnessed my past colleague getting fired because of the insubordination with the commander’s orders, even though everyone knew that he was one of the most experienced and skilled workers, and moreover, had children and a spouse with a complicated disease.

Analyzing the situation through the lens of Kohlberg’s stages of moral development, the decision of the commander might seem entirely unethical towards the fired worker, and the stage of the boss’ morality could be described as the stage of obedience of the social order and laws. However, from the perspective of the deontology, duty-, law- and obligation- based moral philosophy, the commander was obligated to follow the rules of the organization and fire the worker, who violated or refused to obey specific rules regardless of such factors as the work experience, skills or the complexity of the family situation.

References

Kohlberg, Lawrence. (1981). “The Philosophy of Moral Development: Moral Stages and the Idea of Justice.” 978-0060647605.

The terms offer and acceptance. (2016, May 17). Retrieved from

[Accessed: August 11, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016.

[Accessed: August 11, 2022]

freeessays.club (2016) The terms offer and acceptance [Online].
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[Accessed: August 11, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: August 11, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: August 11, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: August 11, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: August 11, 2022]
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