Reasons for the Use of the Nuclear Weapon by the US at the End of World War II | Research Paper

The end of World War II involved the use of the nuclear weapon by the US against Japan. The attack was the first use of the nuclear weapon by one nation against another one. The attack became the precedent which opened the way for the possible use of the nuclear weapon in the war. However, the question that begs is whether the use of the nuclear weapon was worth it or probably the US and allies could urge Japan to surrender in the conventional warfare. In this regard, the current study attempts to understand reasons and justifications for the use of the nuclear weapon by the US at the end of World War II, when the outcome of the war was clear and the surrender of Japan was just the matter of time. Findings of the current study are important for understanding of conditions, when the nuclear weapon may be used and when its use is justified, if it can be justified at all. The response to the research question will help to find out reasons for the use of the nuclear weapon and, therefore, give insights on how to prevent possible conflicts that involve the use of the nuclear weapon. Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were tragic lessons to learn how disastrous and long-lasting consequences of using nuclear weapon are.

Thesis statement: Therefore, understanding possible reasons for the use of the nuclear weapon by the US against Japan to put the end to World War II are essential not only in terms of understanding actual reasons of the US to use the nuclear weapon against Japan but also in terms of understanding conditions, when the nuclear may be used and how to prevent the use of the nuclear weapon.

Research Question:

What was the major reason for Japan bombing with nuclear weapon and was that reason sufficient to launch the nuclear weapon assault on Japan?

Secondary source:

Pape, R.A. (1993). Why Japan Surrendered

R.A. Pape wrote his book after the end of Cold War but dedicated his study to the end of World War II. The end of World War II involved the use of the nuclear weapon against Japan and the author conducts the analysis of reasons why the nuclear weapon was used. The author reveals the overall impact of the use of the nuclear weapon on the end of World War II

However, the historical context influenced the bombing of Japan drastically. As the US was the only world power that owned the nuclear weapon, the use of such weapon would demoralize its opponents and show its strength to potential allies. This is why the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki was a step not only to end the war but also to show the power and leadership of the US.

Taylor, A. (2011). World War II: The Fall of Imperial Japan, The Atlantic. Retrieved from https://www.theatlantic.com/photo/2011/10/world-war-ii-the-fall-of-imperial-japan/100175/

The author explores the end of World War II and reveals the determinant effect of bombing Hiroshima and Nagasaki in the fall of Japan. The author wrote the article in the time of the accident on Fukushima 1, when the danger of nuclear accident revived memories of the first use of the nuclear weapon.

The historical context involves the analysis of the end of World War II and how the US used nuclear weapon to put the end to the war. The author reveals reasons for the use of the nuclear weapon and consequences of the nuclear assault.

Primary source:

Truman’s Reflections on the Atomic Bombing. (1953). Retrieved from http://www.atomicarchive.com/Docs/Hiroshima/Truman.shtml

Truman’s reflections refer to the experience of the US nuclear bombing that put the end to the war against Japan. Truman’s reflections focus on the nuclear bombing of Hiroshima. The US President reflected on reasons and options the US government had at the end of World War II. The past decision was for the deployment of the nuclear weapon and Truman considers whether such decision is applicable now or not.

The use of nuclear weapon against Japan was a lesson to learn for Truman. He considered similar options in Korea. However, Truman was in a difficult position because of the USSR backup of North Korea.

Voices of the Manhattan Project. (2018). Official Website. Retrieved from http://manhattanprojectvoices.org/

The project refers to the risk of using nuclear weapon that correlates to the use of the nuclear weapon in Japan and the end of World War II. The project focuses on the stud of the creation of the nuclear bomb. Understanding of the creation of the powerful weapon gives insights into reasons and motives of Americans, who were the first to use the nuclear weapon against another state. The source gives the background that explains the idea of the superiority of the US military that led  to the bombing.

The historical context helps to get insight into motives of Americans in the war. The possession of the nuclear weapon gave certain sense of superiority. The use of the weapon was the result of such superiority.

References:

Pape, R.A. (1993). Why Japan Surrendered, International Security, 18(2), 154-201.

Taylor, A. (2011). World War II: The Fall of Imperial Japan, The Atlantic. Retrieved from https://www.theatlantic.com/photo/2011/10/world-war-ii-the-fall-of-imperial-japan/100175/

Truman’s Reflections on the Atomic Bombing. (1953). Retrieved from http://www.atomicarchive.com/Docs/Hiroshima/Truman.shtml

Voices of the Manhattan Project. (2018). Official Website. Retrieved from http://manhattanprojectvoices.org/

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[Accessed: July 2, 2020]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: July 2, 2020]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: July 2, 2020]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: July 2, 2020]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: July 2, 2020]