The Role Of Imperialism In World War II Research Paper

There is no doubt that imperialism itself played a significant and critical role in the beginning of World War II. By nature, imperialism is a political system primary aimed at maintaining an empire, conquering new territories and establishing a political or economic control over other states. Generally speaking, imperialism has more negative effects than, for example, the positive ones, and thus it can be a very detrimental and destructive force to the native colonial peoples. By nature, imperialism is indissolubly associated with unprecedented worsening of national oppression and racial discrimination. As a result, imperialism is truly considered to be one of the major causes of World War II that resulted in the division of political power in different countries all over the world.

Hence, this paper presents the information on how imperialism influenced the outbreak of WWII as well as how political power in the various regions has significantly changed.

By its origin, World War II was the imperialist war. The main cause of World War II was a struggle between the capitalist countries for markets and sources of raw materials, i.e. a struggle for the redivision of the world. The imperialists tried to break the contradictions of the imperialist camp with the help of the Soviet Union. To this end, international imperialism openly supported the expansionist plans of Germany and Japan, directing their aggression toward the Soviet Union. Indeed, World War II was prepared by the forces of the international imperialist reaction and unleashed by the major aggressive states such as Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy and Militarist Japan where the rise of militant forces resulted ‘from the growing influence of militant elements at the top of the political hierarchy’ (Duiker & Spielvogel, 2010, p. 620). As a consequence, World War II arose by virtue of the law of uneven development of the capitalistic relations of production and exploitation under imperialism (Van der Linden, 2007), and thus was the result of a sharp aggravation of inter-imperialist contradictions, the struggle for markets and sources of raw materials, spheres of influence and capital investment. The division of the world into two systems has led to the emergence of the main contradictions between socialism and capitalism. German imperialism under the pretext of eliminating injustice of the Versailles system demanded the division of the world in its favor. Inter-imperialist contradictions ceased to be the sole factor in world politics. They evolved in parallel and in collaboration with the contradictions between the two systems. Capitalist warring factions fighting with each other, at the same time sought to destroy the USSR in order to support a larger population and become a great power (Duiker & Spielvogel, 2010).

However, World War II primary began as a collision of two coalitions of the leading capitalist powers. In fact, it was imperialistic; its culprits were the imperialists of all countries, the system of modern capitalism. Nazi Germany, who led the bloc of fascist aggressors, takes a special responsibility for its occurrence. From the side of the fascist bloc, the war was imperialistic by its nature. From the side of states, struggling against the fascist invaders, the nature and character of war was constantly changing. All in all, Soviet Union’s entry into the war against the treacherously attacked states of the fascist bloc completed this process, and therefore, Germany, Italy and Japan had been defeated completely (Duiker & Spielvogel, 2010).

After the end of World War II political power in the various regions has significantly changed. Since World War II ‘…receded into the past, the reality of conflicting ideologies reappeared’ (Duiker & Spielvogel, 2010, p. 638). Indeed, the world became dominated by the Cold War between the United States and the USSR. European countries had to be rebuilt and reconstructed. Japan also was credited with the rebuilding process, and as a result, it became a significant means of maintaining a presence in the Pacific for the United States. In addition, it is possible to speak about nuclear proliferation, the formation of the United Nations, the development of SEATO, etc. Hence, those were the major changes of political power in the various regions after the end of World War II.

Thus, taking the above-mentioned information into consideration, it is possible to draw a conclusion that imperialism influenced the outbreak of WWII in a number of ways. Indeed, it has more negative effects than, for instance, the positive ones, and thus it can be a very detrimental and destructive force to the native colonial peoples. World War II was imperialistic by its nature. The main cause of World War II was a struggle between the capitalist countries for markets and sources of raw materials, i.e. a struggle for the redivision of the world. After the end of World War II political power in the various regions has greatly changed. The tensions between the United States and the USSR regarding their control over the postwar world emerged after World War II. Many European countries had to be rebuilt and reconstructed. The formation of the United Nations and the development of SEATO were one of the major political changes, occurring after the end of World War II. All in all, imperialism is truly considered to be one of the major causes of World War II that resulted in the division of political power in the various regions worldwide.

 

References

Duiker, W. J., & Spielvogel, J. J. (2010). The Essential World History (6th ed.). Boston, MA: Wadsworth.

Van der Linden, M. (2007). The ‘Law’ of Uneven and Combined Development: Some Underdeveloped Thoughts. Historical Materialism, 15 (1), 145–165.

 

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[Accessed: June 1, 2020]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: June 1, 2020]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: June 1, 2020]