Sport Psychology Essay

Sport psychology is the field of science that helps the researchers to understand the correlation between the psychological factors and the individual’s performance in sport activities, and the connection between the sport activities and physical factors. Sport psychology is based on many other sciences, including physiology, biomechanics, biology, kinesiology, sport and exercise sciences and other disciplines. In today’s stressful sport environment, it is crucially important to understand the optimal level of athletes’ performance, their emotional and physical health, their inner sport potential, skills, and abilities. Additionally, it is essential to realize the impact of sport settings and organizations on the athletes’ participation in sport, their social problems, and the relationships in sport environment. Today, sport psychology helps the athletes to cope with certain personal and professional issues, positively affect the quality of sport performance, enhance their motivation, improves their self-esteem, sense of self-value, and goal achievement. According to American Psychological Association (2018), “sport psychology is a proficiency that uses psychological knowledge and skills to address optimal performance and well-being of athletes, developmental and social aspects of sports participation, and systemic issues associated with sports settings and organizations” (apa.org). The development of sport psychology occurred in Germany, Berlin, where the first sports psychology laboratory was established by Carl Diem in the early 1920s. In 1925, Coleman Griffin But managed to establish the first sport psychology lab based at the University of Illinois. Later the experts in the field of sport psychology began to develop courses, enriched their literature and research studies, create new methodologies and stretegies in dealing with sports psychological issues. Only in the late 1960s, this type of “new psychology” began to develop as an independent field of psychological science and sooner the International Society of Sport Psychology and the International Journal of Sport Psychology were established.

In today’s world of sport, there is a strong need for sports psychologists’ assistance, professional sports psychological help, and support, and even if the athlete feels emotionally and mentally strong, it is essential to continuously improve personal qualities, talents, and skills and determine the potential weaknesses. As known, all types of psychological sciences provide protection and help to solve certain issues, both in personal and professional spheres of life. The field of sport psychology in its turn provides effective support and professional guidance in one’s sport career, helps to determine the positional pitfalls and advantages along the athlete’ sport path, effectively trains the individual’s mental and emotional health preparing for challenges and issues in sport. Thus, sports psychologists’ professional help and guidance is considered one of the most important steps in the athlete’s life and career. Many people do not fully understand what kind of job sport psychology means and what professionals do in this field of science. First and foremost, sport psychologists help the athletes determine their potential, inner abilities, and their inner self, and how the personal identity can affect their participation and goals in sport. The experts in this field of science also help the individual to concentrate on his or her strengths, goals, and achievements in sport, clearly determine his wants, needs, and desires, and increase motivation, energy level and stamina. Sports psychologists help the athletes to balance their daily pressure, sport activities, and rest time, eliminate negative emotions and feelings such as aggression or violence, and how to “intelligently” cope with success and failure in sport. In other words, the sport psychologists help the individuals understand his or her identity as an athlete, develop effective relationships, communication, and support, and improve athlete-coach collaboration. As evidence shows, “while coaches typically focus on the physical side of sport, sport psychologists focus on athletes’ minds. Sport psychologists can help athletes — professionals and amateurs alike — achieve their goals” (apa.org).    

Works Cited:

American Psychological Association. “Sport Psychology.” Accessed 21 Jan. 2018 http://www.apa.org/ed/graduate/specialize/sports.aspx

American Psychological Association. “How Sport Psychology Helps Athletes.” Accessed 21  Jan. 2018 http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/sport-psychologists.aspx

The terms offer and acceptance. (2016, May 17). Retrieved from

[Accessed: January 20, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016.

[Accessed: January 20, 2022]

freeessays.club (2016) The terms offer and acceptance [Online].
Available at:

[Accessed: January 20, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: January 20, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: January 20, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: January 20, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: January 20, 2022]
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