Civil & Political & Social & Economic Rights; The Term Sustainable Development | Discussion

Question 1

A long-standing distinction exists between civil and political rights and social and economic rights. Is it plausible that one set is more important and should receive priority over the other, or are types of rights interdependent in the sense that they reinforce one another? (Chapter 10)

            There is a long-standing distinction between civil and political rights and social and economic rights, but it is impossible to argue that one set of rights is more important and should receive priority over the other set of rights. These types of rights are interdependent in the sense that they reinforce one another. It is not a secret that human rights are considered to be socially constructed. This fact means that civil and political rights and social and economic rights are perceived as moral values created by people to achieve their goals without using aggression and violation. According to experts, “through a widening social process,  the acceptance of chosen moral values is promoted around the world” (Henderson, 2010, p.289).

            As the call of the human rights movement was to treat citizens based on the universal standards, each of the identified set of rights contributes to achievement of this goal. There should be common goals set by the government and citizens. Declarations and treaties are used to promote human rights at all levels. It is impossible to exclude social and economic rights because these rights guarantee positive  economic environment and extended social opportunities. At the same time, it would be wrong to exclude civil and political rights as they form the basis of social existence (Henderson, 2010).

            Moreover,  civil and political rights and social and economic rights are interdependent because they have a strong impact on international relations. Interdependence of these human rights makes it possible to improve active participation of citizens in various activities, foster gender equality and strengthen dignity of citizens. The fact that civil and political rights and social and economic rights are interdependent means that the nature of human rights is based on equality in various fields of human activity. These rights are applicable to all citizens, without exception, in order to avoid discrimination (Henderson, 2010).

Question 2

What is sustainable development and has the term found its way into any environmental agreement?  What are the implications of population growth for sustainable development? (Chapter 11)

            Sustainable development can be defined as the way to improve economic development of society in order to address the needs of all people, without overlooking the needs of future generations and the environmental concerns (Henderson, 2010). The term sustainable development found its way into any environmental agreement because it has direct relation to environmental problems. The Commission on Sustainable Development was founded in 1992 with the major goal – to unite nations in the struggle for environmental sustainability (Henderson, 2010).

            Unfortunately, there are some implications of population growth for sustainable development, which include the increased poverty rate, the need for more resources to feed large numbers of people, and other economic and social needs. According to statistical data, “90% of population growth in occurring in Third World countries where it is sensitive cultural issue involving women’s roles in society” (Henderson, 2010, p. 324). Ac a matter of fact, population growth affects sustainable development because of the increased consumption of natural resources. Sustainable development can be achieved if there is a strict control over the natural resources, such as fresh water, forests, soil, etc. The growth of population should be reduced to ensure sustainable development and resolve a wide range of environmental problems (Henderson, 2010).

            Besides, it becomes clear that sustainable development should be included into any environmental agreement because of the impact of gaps between developed and developing countries on the environment. Due to technological innovations it is possible to ensure  support for efficiency of usage of resources and contribute to environmental sustainability. Population growth and consumption rates should be balanced to achieve positive outcomes (Henderson, 2010). In general, it is recommended to consider three factors that affect sustainable development, including the reduction of population size, economic growth, technological innovations. If these factors are addressed by all states, it is possible to resolve global environmental problems and achieve sustainable development. 

Question 3

Do treaties on economic relations operate better from the global or regional levels, or is such a distinction even important? Provide specific examples. (Chapter 12)

            Treaties on economic relations operate better from the global levels because of the powerful impact of the global context.  Each country should have a good understanding of the need to develop trade treaties as “bilateral agreements and then as regional and global agreements” (Henderson, 2010, p. 385). It is known that global economic and financial policies have a strong impact on the economic relations that have emerged at the global arena. The key role is played by international organizations that are involved in formulation of economic policies which foster open market economy. These organizations are the World Trade Organization, The International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and others. For example, the Third World countries need to develop treated on economic relations that will operate at the global level to improve their economies. According to experts, “the rules and norms in economic relations” are dictated by the major economic powers (Henderson, 2010, p. 359). The concluded treaties on economic relations contribute to enhanced collaboration and cooperation between different countries.

            Besides, it is necessary to consider the fact that global governance of the economic relations between different countries requires compliance with the  rules and norms generated by the major economic powers. Treaties on economic relations should operate both at the regional levels and at he global levels in order to shape economic policy. It is a good idea to replace bilateral agreement with multilateral agreements that strengthen mutual cooperation and prevent inequalities in economic relations. It has been found that treaties play the role of effective tools that contribute to establishment of cooperation in the markets and free trade zones. Additionally, treaties are used to address the needs of each country and protect the interests through satisfying certain demands. For example, they offer reduced tariffs, removed customs obligations, etc. The free trade system allows improve economic relations at the global level. 

References

Henderson, C. W.  (2010). Understanding International Law, Wiley-Blackwell.

Sharing is caring!

The terms offer and acceptance. (2016, May 17). Retrieved from

[Accessed: October 31, 2020]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016.

[Accessed: October 31, 2020]

freeessays.club (2016) The terms offer and acceptance [Online].
Available at:

[Accessed: October 31, 2020]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: October 31, 2020]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: October 31, 2020]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: October 31, 2020]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: October 31, 2020]