The Cognitive Dissonance; Famous People With A Clinical Disorder | Discussion

1. Famous people with a clinical disorder

Adolf Hitler probably had symptoms of paranoid personality disorder. He had paranoid ideas and the fear of the supremacy and his supernatural power and role, which he has to play in the world. He was also paranoid about constant threats to his life. The treatment should focus on the revelation of intrinsic problems that cause his paranoid condition. Also he needed counseling services to cope with his problems.

David Beckham manifests symptoms of dependent personality disorder. He manifested his inability to cope with personal problems and revealed his dependence on support of his family members and other people. The treatment of his condition should involve the development of independent behavioral patterns. At first, he should learn to cope with minor tasks, while, in the course of the treatment, tasks should become more and more complicated.

Abraham Lincoln suffered from what he and his contemporaries described as melancholia but which actually was what now may be defined as depression. Depression could be treated with the help of medication. Alternatively, he could just change his activities and take a break in his work that could help him to ease psychological tension.

Boris Yeltsin suffered from depression and slipped to alcohol abuse to cope with his condition, but, instead, rather aggravated his mental health condition than improved it. The treatment should involve the limitation of drinking and use of medication (Carpenter & Huffman 173).

Brooke Shields suffered from the severe postpartum depression after the birth of her child. The treatment should involve the development of the rehabilitation program and counseling to cope with her problem. The assistance of her spouse could have helped her to cope with her problem (Knapp, Vandecreek, & Herzog 385).

2. John, LaQuitasha, Jose, Katherine, Osama, Tyrone

 Names and labeling contribute to the development of a biased attitude to individuals, who have those names or labels.

John is the popular name that evokes associations with the average person.

LaQuitasha is the African American name which evokes associations with African American women.

Jose is the name that evokes strong associations with a man of Mexican or Latin American origin.

Katherine is the female name, which though evokes associations with the notorious hurricane that struck the US.

Osama is the male name that is traditionally associated with the international terrorism and its leader Osama bin Laden. 

Tyrone is the name traditionally attributed to an African American man, whose real name is unknown.

In such a way, people with the aforementioned names can raise the problem of the biased attitude toward them because those names may evoke negative connotations and associations which affect the perception of people with those names.

3. Cognitive dissonance

The cognitive dissonance occurs when individual’s actions do not coincide and, as the matter of fact, contradict to his/her beliefs and ideas. The person may be forced to act against his/her beliefs and views (Hummel, Talbutt, & Alexander 175). For example,  a person, who stands for non-violence, may use a gun to save his/her life in the course of the robbery or any other violent crime, when his/her life is under a threat (Myers 272). In such a way, the person may be forced to act against his/her ideas and often people do it unconsciously but rather instinctively (Jacob & Hawthorne 45). The cognitive dissonance has a considerable impact on individuals and their behavior because it evokes the controversial response in individuals because they undertake steps or commit actions, which they would normally not do because they contradict to their ideas and beliefs.

Works Cited:

Carpenter & Huffman. Visualizing Psychology (3th Ed). New York: Wiley & Sons, 2013.

Hummel, D. L., Talbutt, L. C., & Alexander, M. D. Law and ethics in counseling. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 2012.

Jacob, S., & Hawthorne, T. S. Ethics and law for school psychologists. Brandod, VT: Clinical Psychology Publishing Co., 2011.

Knapp, S., Vandecreek, L., & Herzog, C. The duty to protect: Legal principles and guidelines. In P. Keller & L. Ritt (Eds.) Innovations in Clinical Practice: A Source Book (pp. 383-389). Sarasota, FL: Professional Resource Exchange, 2013.

Myers, D.G. Exploring Psychology. New York: Random House, 2008.

Sharing is caring!

The terms offer and acceptance. (2016, May 17). Retrieved from

[Accessed: April 1, 2020]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016.

[Accessed: April 1, 2020]

freeessays.club (2016) The terms offer and acceptance [Online].
Available at:

[Accessed: April 1, 2020]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: April 1, 2020]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: April 1, 2020]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: April 1, 2020]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: April 1, 2020]