The Foster Care Essay

Children are considered to be one of the vulnerable social groups, due to their need to be taught and brought up, and their general dependency on older people. Usually, parents are the ones who are responsible for caring for a child until he or she reaches the age of adulthood. However, there are cases, where, for various reasons, parents are not able to provide the needed care and support for their child. These examples may include the death of a parent, abuse of the child in their home, illness of a parent, and many more. Sometimes, the way that children themselves act can be a crucial point in them being put in the foster care. Lieberman (1987) states that “Behavior of children as a major reason for placement was the problem for children ages 6 to 12.”

When the child needs the support of someone, other than the parents, one of the solutions is the foster care. By definition, foster care “is a temporary service provided by States for children who cannot live with their families.” (Child Welfare) Some problems may arise when the child is being cared for by the people that he or she is not familiar with. One of them includes the age of the child. If one’s put into foster care, when he or she is relatively young – up to 6 years old, the child might not be as confused about his parents not being around. However, the older the child gets, the more he or she becomes aware of the parent’s role. Therefore, for example, is a teenager is put in the foster care for the reason, other than abuse or neglect, it might be extremely hard for her or him to adjust. Another problem might occur if one was put into the foster care, directly due to being abused in the initial family. “The children are bringing with them years of emotional neglect, and psychological disturbance. It is as if foster care is becoming, of necessity, a mental health treatment facility for children.” (Lieberman, 1987) Despite having many obstacles and possible complications, foster care might be incredibly beneficial for both child, and foster parents.

There are various types of foster care, and one of them is the kin-based foster care or the kinship foster care. “Kinship care may be formal and involve a training and licensure process for the caregivers, monthly payments to help defray the costs of caring for the child and support services.” (Child Welfare) There is also an informal kinship foster care. Leinaweaver (2016) mentions that informal kinship foster care is more common in the world than the institutionalized one. From one perspective, it can be seen as more beneficial for the child, as one is staying with the relatives, and in many cases, the children are quite close to their grandparents, cousins, and other relatives. However, if the process is informal, the governmental services are not able to keep an eye for the child, in case he or she is abused in his “new” family. Another interesting way of caring for the children is a shared family foster care. In this type of care, both children and parents are put into the new household, where the children can be safely living and being cared for, while the parents can learn how to care for the child, without being separated from him or her. In the cases of the parent’s inability to take the full responsibility for their child, yet willing to learn hoe to do it, shared family foster care is the best option.

There are many reasons for a child not to be able to live with their parents. However, every child deserves the needed care, while growing up. Foster care is an excellent opportunity for the children to live in a relatively same environment they used to, however, with the people, who can give them a safe upbringing.

References

“Family Foster Care.” (n.d.). Child Welfare. Retrieved from https://www.childwelfare.gov/topics/outofhome/foster-care/fam-foster/

“Kinship Care.” (n.d.). Child Welfare. Retrieved from https://www.childwelfare.gov/topics/outofhome/kinship/

Lieberman, F. (1987). Clinical practice and the social issues of foster care. Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal, 4(3-4), 3–9. doi:10.1007/bf00756452

Leinaweaver J. Informal Kinship-Based Fostering Around the World: Anthropological Findings. Child development perspectives. 2014;8(3):131-136. doi:10.1111/cdep.12075.

The terms offer and acceptance. (2016, May 17). Retrieved from

[Accessed: May 24, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016.

[Accessed: May 24, 2022]

freeessays.club (2016) The terms offer and acceptance [Online].
Available at:

[Accessed: May 24, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: May 24, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: May 24, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: May 24, 2022]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: May 24, 2022]
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