The Impact of Poverty on Families Free

The Impact of Poverty on the Family System Functioning   Procedia

The Hunger Games movie describes a dystopic future world, where people live in separated districts, which are organized in accordance with their financial state. The richest people inhabit the first district.  The 12th district is inhabited by the poorest population. Despite the fictional setting, the author of the movie creates   parallel with  the contemporary society, where there is a strong division between rich and poor. In the movie rich regions constantly grow, and this naturally results in other regions become poorer. People, who inhabit the first district have access to the best resources. They can have the best food, clean water and safe life. In general, they enjoy their lives, and have little worry about people from other regions, which spend their lives in need. The life is absolutely different in the poor districts. In these districts people lack ordinary things, such as food, water, medical service and safe place to live.

Family development theory can be used to speak about the Everdeen family.  Family development theory states that members of the family pass through development stages and family structure parallels these stages. Family members have to meet challenges and these challenges become stages of their development. Katniss has to grow up and go through the process of maturation, when her father dies. Katniss accepts the challenge and uses her wit, her skills and her knowledge to go hunting and collecting food for her family. The family is also changed after the death of the father. Other members have to apply to new roles and functions. Kantiss goes through other change and transformations through the movie, and these changes reflect different development stages and illustrates how she meets challenges and passes through different stages of personality development. Katniss Everdeen has to take part in hunger games in order to support her family, which needs money desperately.  Despite the poverty, Katniss has good manners and this becomes an illustration how her family struggles to save dignity even in the most negative environment. The example of Katniss’ family shows that support and understanding make the basis of family relation for them. Parents make their best to teach their children not only survival skills, but also good manners.

The Hunger Games movie becomes an illustration of social gap, which exists in the contemporary society. The movie illustrates how entire districts live behind the poverty line. Kantiss is lucky, wit and strong enough to bring food to her family. Any individual without Kantiss’ skills would be not able to fulfill the task and thus would be have no chances to get food except for bagging. In addition, Kantiss breaks rules and laws, while hunting behind the District zone. At this point, it becomes evident that the girl has to show extraordinary skills and also has to break laws in order to get minimum, necessary for her family to survive. Unfortunately, the movie creates not only dystopic picture of the terrible future. It also illustrates in allegoric manner the situation, which is presented in he contemporary society. “One in eight Americans — approximately 37 million people — now live below the federal poverty line of $19,971 for a family of four.   That’s 4.9 million more people than in 2000 and the poverty rate for children is the highest of all age groups” (Poverty in America: An Overview, p. 6).  Rich people live in luxury, having no idea about everyday struggle poor people have to go through. Multiple researches were performed in order to find out the connection between poverty and family systems. It is evident that poverty has a lot of negative consequences on the level of life. People, who live in poverty have to look for opportunities to buy clothes, food and other most necessary thing.  They also suffer because of physical illnesses and not always have the chance to get quality medical service. The combination of these factors may have negative impact on family relations. “…Poverty is a negative-acting factor in the family functioning. It has been proved that all its dimensions are influenced by an insufficient income” (Banovcinova A.  et al., 2014, p. 152).  Poverty affects all spheres of family life. People hardly have time to spend quality time together. They have to work extra hours to buy the most necessary things. This also have negative impact on children, who often become deprived of basic things and have less life opportunity. Poverty is a complex problem and should be treated accordingly. The existence of category of so called “working poor” illustrates that social disparity exists in the society and even those, who are ready to work and put effort to get out of poverty, not always have the chance to do so. In the research, performed by  Regina   Baker  negative association between work and child poverty is traced.   “That the results indicate the negative association between work and child poverty has strengthened should also inform policy debates. The analyses demonstrate how essential employment is for the economic security of families with children” (Baker, 2015,  p. 1176). These results illustrate that people, who have the chance to get a normal and adequately paid job, have the chances to have a normal and well-to-do life. Different variants of families, who live behind the poverty line are depicted in The Hunger Games movie.  The Everdeen  family, presented in The Hunger Games presents that type of family, which struggles poverty by any means. They perform active position and make everything possible to have  a chance for better life. Kantiss’ family has good family relations. It is worth to mention that they are strong personalities and make rather an exception, saving strong family ties in the situation of extreme need and poverty.

 

References

Banovcinova A.  et al. ( 2014 ).  The Impact of Poverty on the Family System Functioning   Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences 132 148 – 153.

Baker, Regina S. (October 2015). University of Pennsylvania The Changing Association Among Marriage, Work, and Child Poverty in the United States, 1974–2010, Journal of Marriage and Family 77 (1166–1178 DOI:10.1111/jomf.12216

Poverty in America: An Overview

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"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: September 29, 2020]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: September 29, 2020]