The Influence Of Illegal Immigrants On Health Care Economics In The USA; Article Reviews

Summary describing the issue

One of the current health care economic issues is the influence of illegal immigrants on health care economics in the United States. Most illegal immigrants are young and healthy people who arrived to the United States to earn money. They are not interested in receiving health care treatment if compare to the U.S. citizens. Although illegal immigrant account for 2% of health care spending, the growth of illegal immigrants has become an acute problem in the United States, especially in the poorest areas of the country. As a rule, illegal immigrants earn low wages because they work without documents and have no benefits. They are employed in service industry jobs and hand packing jobs. In addition, they have to work in unsafe conditions which cause the spread of diseases and poor health status.  Finally, illegal immigrants have low rates of health insurance. Actually, in case of special need, illegal immigrants have to ask for medical care. They receive health care services through visiting hospitals emergency rooms, which have no legal right to refuse illegal immigrants in medical care services. As a result, the cost of services passes to the U.S. citizens who have to pay higher hospital charges as well as higher insurance premiums. Many illegal immigrants work for employers who do not provide health insurance. Besides, because of language barriers, illegal immigrants are concerned of visiting a hospital to avoid the involvement of immigration officials. Currently, illegal immigrants have a negative impact on the development of health care economics. They do not pay taxes.

Summary of the selected articles

Galarneau, C. (2011). “Still Missing: Undocumented Immigrants in Health Care Reform,” Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 22 (2): 422–428.

In thus article, the author addresses the issues related to the health care reform signed by the US President Obama in 2010.  Illegal immigrants are excluded from federal insurance coverage. Researcher pays to attention to the analysis of the illegal immigrants’ health care and insurance coverage. The arguments for the inclusion of illegal immigrants in health care reform contribute to the development of health care economics. The author believes that illegal immigrants are part of the U.S. health care community and that there is a need for health care workers to become more active participants in making social and political decisions. In fact, it is crucial for health care practitioners to develop relationships with illegal immigrants to improve their health.  They should have a right to health care. There are some economic arguments for inclusion of illegal immigrants to health care reform. They should be recognized as “monetary contributors to society through their labor, tax payments, and market participation” (Galarneau, 2011, p. 428). Both direct and indirect costs of illegal immigration in the United States should be outweighed to improve health care economics. 

Messias, D. K. H., McEwen, M. M. & Clark, L. (2015). “The impact and implications of undocumented immigration on individual and collective health in the United States,” Nursing Outlook, 63 (1): 86–94.

In this article, researchers evaluate the impact of illegal immigration on health care economics in the United States.  According to researchers the USA is the nation of immigrants; therefore, there is a need for addressing the problems caused by immigration effectively. Currently, “approximately 28% of foreign-born residents are undocumented immigrants—individuals who either entered or are currently residing in the country without valid immigration or residency documents” (Messias et al.   2015, p. 86). Researchers believe that because of the changing political context and economic situation in the country and at the global level, illegal immigrants have considerable effects on the US citizens, including individuals, families, and communities. These effects are reflected on health care economics as well. According to researchers, “the lack of demographic and epidemiologic data on undocumented immigrants is a major public health challenge”(Messias et al., 2015, p. 86). The so-called “undocumentedness” affects the access to health care as well as the utilization of health care services. Illegal immigrants might cost the US health care economics significantly. Rising health care costs are associated with the access of illegal immigrants to care as most hospitals and community health centers do not require their patients’ legal status. The increased number of illegal immigrants who need health care for some diseases or injuries lacks of sufficient funding. Hospital officials have to arrange transportation of illegal immigrants with severe diseases or injuries back to their native countries. In some cases, they stay at hospitals for weeks.

Derose, K. P., Escarce, J. J. & Lurie, N. (2007). “Immigrants And Health Care: Sources Of Vulnerability,” Health Affairs, 26 (5): 1258-1268.

In this article, immigrants have been characterized as vulnerable population group because of the high degree of vulnerability to inadequate health care. Researchers investigate the major factors that have a strong impact on immigrants’ vulnerability, including “socioeconomic background; immigration status; limited English proficiency; federal, state, and local policies on access to publicly funded health care; residential location; and stigma and marginalization” (Derose et al., 2007). Illegal immigrants have lower rates of health insurance in the United States. They tend to use less health care services. Besides, the quality of care is lower than that provided to U.S.-born populations. Researchers suggest that reduced access of illegal immigrants to personal medical services and public health services leads to negative consequences, such as low level of immunizations. In addition, local public health delivery systems provide unequal access to care across communities. The key findings are to increase rates of health insurance among illegal immigrants through the development of relevant policies and programs aimed at expansion of access to health insurance, hospitals and community clinics.

The terms offer and acceptance. (2016, May 17). Retrieved from

[Accessed: October 27, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016.

[Accessed: October 27, 2021]

freeessays.club (2016) The terms offer and acceptance [Online].
Available at:

[Accessed: October 27, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: October 27, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: October 27, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: October 27, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: October 27, 2021]
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