The Role of Science & Religion in Education

The separation of Church and State was an important event that marked the threshold of the new era of the development of humanity. Nevertheless, some might notice that there are certain areas of social life that are still affected by both science and religion. Education serves as a good example of how these two often conflicting force are applied in the same area. The influence of science and religion is still found in education and sometimes the two overlap.

To begin with, it is worth mentioning that the influence of science on the educational process is significantly bigger. To be more specific, the contemporary education is deeply rooted in what is called “scientific method” (Cameron, Craig, & Soutee, 2010). The key idea of the latter is that anything can be understood through proper experimentation. That is why students are expected to perform experiments and verify the knowledge that they are taught in school. This way they will know that the ideas that they discuss with the teachers are correct and are grounded in practice.

The second influence of science on the educational process lies in the fact that the latter is expected to uncover all mysteries of the Universe. Indeed, the underlying idea of science is that any part of the world can be explained if a sufficient amount of data is collected and analyzed properly (Cameron, Craig, & Soutee, 2010). In other words, the educational process relies on the idea that anything in the world can be explained and if something lacks explanation: it will be discovered in the future.

Nevertheless, religion also has a significant influence on education: one might recall the widely spread practice of school prayer. Mountjoy (2009) notes that there are many schools that incorporate prayer into the everyday schedule, believing that this will help the students study better and focus their mind on learning. In addition to that, school prayer also manifests the commitment of a student to explore the world while respecting God and His laws. This way a person will be able to reconcile science that operates with cause and effect method and religion that relies on faith.

In addition to that, the influence of religion on education is also visible in many religious holidays that are celebrated in schools. For example, the majority of the educational facilities are close to the Christmas season which is an important time of the year in Christianity (Mountjoy, 2009). Other students are welcome to be absent in school if they have to celebrate holidays that are related to their own religion. That is why it seems that the curriculum always has enough room to fit a religious holiday.

What is even more important is that science and religion can also overlap in certain aspects. For example, one might mention the idea of intelligent design that is capable of helping the people who believe in creationism and evolution find a common ground (Kojonen, 2016). In spite of the fact that this concept is widely contested, there is no doubt that it serves a good example of how the two seemingly opposite worldview can come to an agreement.

Having examined all the points that were mentioned in the paragraphs above, one is able to come to the following conclusion: the contemporary educational process is influenced by both science and religion to a certain extent. The first contributed scientific method and the mindset and education can explain any aspect of the world. The religious influence is manifested in school prayers and holiday leaves. Sometimes the two overlap like in the example of intelligent design that is taught in schools.


Cameron, S., Craig, C., & Soutee, S. (2010). Scientific method of investigation. Greensboro, NC: Mark Twain Media.

Kojonen, E. V. (2016). The intelligent design debate and the temptation of scientism. London: Routledge.

Mountjoy, S. (2009). Engel v. Vitale: School prayer and the establishment clause. New York, NY: Chelsea House.

The terms offer and acceptance. (2016, May 17). Retrieved from

[Accessed: April 19, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance.", 17 May 2016.

[Accessed: April 19, 2021] (2016) The terms offer and acceptance [Online].
Available at:

[Accessed: April 19, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance.", 17 May 2016

[Accessed: April 19, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance.", 17 May 2016

[Accessed: April 19, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance.", 17 May 2016

[Accessed: April 19, 2021]

"The terms offer and acceptance.", 17 May 2016

[Accessed: April 19, 2021]
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