World War II and Humanity Essay

World War II was in many ways a war of technologies. Indeed, by the war’s end, humans had unlocked the scientific secrets of the atom, secrets that could, if use improperly, lead to the complete destruction of humanity. According to researchers, “WWII saw the development of the world’s most devastating weapons technology: the atomic bomb” (Harrington 189). In 1939, Americans were aware of the fact that Germany planned to enrich uranium and produce an atomic bomb. Historical data prove that Albert Einstein was the one who reported this information to the U.S. President Roosevelt. As a result, the Manhattan Project was launched with the major goal –to “develop an atomic weapon before Germany could do so” (Harrington 189). The new technology, used during the WWII (atomic weapons), laid the foundation for effective international relations in the post war era, involving many countries. This period was called the Cold War. Actually, the Cold War was based on the fear of the use of nuclear weapons. As a result, many tensions that existed between nations in the 20-th century and in the beginning of the 21-st century are caused by the proliferation of nuclear weapons as the weapons of mass destruction.  Science has been associated with the production of the weapons that could lead to deaths of millions of people. This notion was used to stop many countries from aggression. Nuclear weapons could prevent all kinds of wars. In light of this revelation, it is possible to conclude that the benefits of President Truman’s decision to use the atomic bomb to end the war in the Pacific outweighed the costs/negatives.  The U.S. President Truman’s decision to use nuclear weapons to stop the WWII influenced a wide range of further political and military decisions aimed at warmongering.

The U.S. contributed to the scientific experiments on atomic bomb production, spending more than $2 billion to produce the first atomic bomb, which was also called “gravity atomic bomb” as it was used for dropping from a bomber (Harrington 189).The symbol of the horror was the mushroom cloud, which was produced by atomic weapons. The first testing of the atomic weapons was carried out by the U.S. scientists on July 16, 1945 in the open air, in New Mexico.  During the WWII, atomic bombs were used by the U.S. forces twice to stop the Japanese aggression, which was aimed at continuation of the Nazi plans. First, the U.S. dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima (August 6, 1945) and second, atomic bombs were dropped on Nagasaki (August 11, 1945). The atomic bombing led to devastating results: “more than 120,000 people were killed by the initial explosions, and many thousands died from radiation sickness over the ensuing decades” (Harrington 190).

Although since the end of the Cold War, the U.S and the Soviet Union, as two great powers, began to develop policies aimed at reduction of nuclear weapons in their arsenals, the fear of using atomic bombs remained in the hearts of millions of people worldwide. Experts suggest that if “this program continued all nuclear warheads could be dismantled in little over ten years from now” (Rotblat 26). This fact means that our humanity could have had an opportunity to create nuclear weapon-free world. However, this program was not designed to achieve this goal. According to Joseph Rotblat, “the START II Treaty has been implemented, leaving over 150, 000 nuclear warheads active and reserved”(26). Many scientists were aware of the fact that the atomic bomb and nuclear arms race had moral dimensions, as the use of atomic bomb in the WWII was an example of mass destruction with its negative consequences for further generations. They regretted the lives of thousands of innocent Japanese people the atomic bomb had cost, but they knew it had saved more lives, as the aggression was stopped. Moreover, the increase in personal fears connected with the atomic bombing of the Japanese cities during the WWII created “a sharper increase in disenchantment with both the arms race and U.S. readiness to use nuclear weapons in response to Soviet invasion of Western Europe” (Kramer et al. 7).

Conclusion

Thus, it is necessary to conclude that Truman’s decision to use the atomic bombing on Japanese cities had more benefits than costs. This decision led to the formation of enormous nuclear arsenals that influenced the course of the history. Scientific experiments and new technological advancements played an important role in maintaining the nuclear arms race that continued for over four years of the Cold War. Actually, the U.S. President Truman’s decision to use the atomic bomb in order to stop aggression and put the end to the WWII influenced a wide range of further political and military decisions, which could lead to warmongering. Moreover, his decision influenced the Cold War outcomes that can be found in today’s personal fears of using atomic bombs by the states, which possess nuclear arsenals.

 

Works Cited

Harrington, Jan L. Technology and Society. Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2011. Print.

Kramer, B.M., Kalick, S.M. & Milburn, M. A. “Attitudes Toward Nuclear Weapons and Nuclear War: 1945–1982,” Journal of Social Issues, 39.1 (2003): 7-24.

            Rotblat, Joseph. “Remember your humanity,” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 52.2 (1996) : 26-28.

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"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

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"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: June 1, 2020]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: June 1, 2020]

"The terms offer and acceptance." freeessays.club, 17 May 2016

[Accessed: June 1, 2020]